Disinfo: Famine in Ukraine in 1932-1933 was not a genocide of the population


The Holodomor in Ukraine in 1932-1933 was not an act of genocide – it has long been a well-known fact.


This is the Kremlin’s repeated narrative that the Soviet regime did not destroy ethnic Ukrainians in the period 1932-1933. The Holodomor was Joseph Stalin's conscious policy towards Ukrainian peasants. The Soviet regime created an artificial famine in Soviet Ukraine, which affected parts of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova and Russia. The Stalinist regime used the confiscation of food as a weapon of mass destruction - food was forcibly taken from farmers. It is estimated that the famine of 1932-1933 claimed the lives of 7 to 10 million citizens of the Soviet Union. In 1933, mortality in Ukraine became catastrophic, 28,000 people died every day, 1168 people every hour, 20 Ukrainians every minute. In 2006, the Verkhovna Rada officially recognised the Holodomor of 1932-33 as genocide of the Ukrainian people. According to the latest data, 15 UN member states and the Vatican state recognise the Holodomor genocide act in Ukraine. The European Parliament and PACE have recognised the Holodomor as a crime of the Soviet regime against their own people and a crime against humanity.


  • Reported in: Issue 161
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/08/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Holodomor, Genocide, Joseph Stalin
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Disinfo: If Georgia joins the EU, it will lose 75% of its sovereignty and won't benefit economically

Media and political elites propagate Georgia’s accession to the EU. If Georgia joins the EU, it will lose 75% of its sovereignty and will remain independent only in 25%. Moreover, it won’t benefit economically. Therefore, Georgia cannot join the EU.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that EU member states lose their sovereignty to the EU, consistent with another narrative about undemocratic EU. Georgia is a sovereign state recognized by the international community. The decision to join the EU is a sovereign one, made both by the candidate country and EU members. All candidate countries must fulfill the Copenhagen criteria, ie. political, economic, administrative and institutional conditions to join. The recent study by Bertelsmann Stiftung notes that the Single Market for European countries provides higher welfare, higher productivity, and lower markups to all its members. For instance, the Baltic States, which are often targeted by the same disinformation narrative, saw significant economic growth after joining the EU. After their accession to the European Union in 2004, till 2015 the Baltic countries’ GDP expanded at a record level. After 2004, all three Baltic countries have significantly reduced their level of unemployment. See similar disinformation cases here, here and here.

Disinfo: Britain and US are organising the protests in Hong Kong

Britain and America have been caught red handed organizing the protests in Hong Kong.


Conspiracy theory, suggesting any demonstration and expression of popular discontent is staged by foreign, malevolent, actors. Similar cases can be found here. Hong Kong protests started in June 2019 over a controversial extradition law, but have expanded to call for Hong Kong's leader to step down, an inquiry into alleged police brutality, for those who have been arrested to be released and greater democratic freedoms

Disinfo: Bosnia is pushed into NATO against the Serbs' will

Bosnia is pushed into NATO against the Serbs’ will. The Annual National Programme (ANP) is the first step towards the country’s integration into NATO. Due to its flexible criteria, NATO can within a short period of time from receiving the ANP, submit a reply that would say: “You have fulfilled the criteria and you can adopt the NATO membership in the Parliament.”


The NATO accession process consists of a series of formal steps which both the aspirant country and the Alliance continuously confirm. Countries wishing to join have to meet certain requirements and complete a multi-step process involving political dialogue and military integration. The ANP is a precondition for the activation of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Membership Action Plan (MAP) for NATO. MAP is a NATO programme of advice, assistance and practical support tailored to the individual needs of countries wishing to join the Alliance. Participation in the MAP does not prejudge any decision by the Alliance on future membership. “Annual National Programme is another step in the partnership between Bosnia and NATO. That's an important step but is not a decision on membership nor it prejudges the membership. There is a lot to be done both within the Alliance and Bosnia before the NATO and Bosnia could start talks on the membership,” said Brigadier General Marti Bissell, NATO HQ Commander in Sarajevo. "NATO HQ in Sarajevo is ready to provide advisory and professional assistance including among other things the explanations on the Annual National Programme (ANP)." Read more disinformation cases about the NATO enlargement here. Learn more about relations between NATO - Bosnia and Herzegovina www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49127.htm,