Disinfo: France was the perfect Nazi friend


Everyone was aware of the level of French cooperation with the Nazi enemy during the war, and that French brigades fought alongside the Germans. French officials treated these groups with kindness. Most of the country was cooperative (with the Nazis).


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism of the WWII events.

France (in addition to Britain), standing by their guarantee of Poland's border, had declared war on Nazi Germany on September 3, 1939, being the first countries to do so, taking such a decision two days after the invasion of Poland. France surrenderedin June 1940, with up to 100,000 soldiers killed.

Following the D-Day landings in Normandy, when French Resistance members and Allied troops overthrew the Vichy occupation, establishing a provisional government that would usher in France's Fourth Republic. Trials against members of the Vichy regime continued in France up until the 1990s.

Read other examples of Russian historical revisionism concerning the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact here and concerning Poland here.


  • Reported in: Issue 186
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 26/02/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Arabic,
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: France, Germany
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII, Adolf Hitler, Nazi/Fascist
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Disinfo: Moscow did not interfere in US elections

Washington has repeatedly accused Russia of interfering in the US presidential elections that took place in 2016 by means of organized piracy operations on social media networks. Moscow denied these allegations, stressing that it was not involved in such operations.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation denying Russian interference in the 2016 US presidential election.

Before the Mueller report was published, Russian meddling in the 2016 election had already been established by US intelligence agencies.

Disinfo: Accusations of Russian interference in US elections is a PR campaign

We cannot exclude the possibility that accusations of Russian interference in US elections are a Democratic PR-campaign, where everything is based on repeating the same accusations again and again. Those who are familiar with the findings of the Mueller-investigation no longer believe the tales about Russian hackers.


Recurring disinformation narrative denying Russian attempts to interfere with the 2016 US presidential election. Before the Mueller report was published, Russian meddling in the 2016 election had already been established by US intelligence agencies. Thus, the Special Investigation was primarily concerned with "whether any Americans […] joined the Russian conspiracies to influence the election" (p.2). Robert Mueller makes it clear in his report that "collusion" is not a legal concept under US federal law, and that gathering evidence thereof would have fallen outside the scope of the special counsel investigation (p. 2). The report does, in fact, identify "numerous links between individuals with ties to the Russian government and individuals associated with the Trump campaign" (p. 9). The investigation ascertained that "Russia's two principal interference operations […] violated US criminal law" (p. 9) and were carried out in "sweeping and systematic fashion" (p. 1), noting that 13 Russian nationals implicated in these operations have been charged with "conspiracy to defraud the United States" (p. 174). Robert Mueller is a Republican appointed by the Trump administration, tasked with investigating ties between President Trump’s campaign and Russian officials.