Disinfo: Historical Crimean Russian land returned

Summary

Historical Russian lands were returned to Russia in accordance with a popular referendum that met all the internationally recognized legal and constitutional conditions.

The Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, granted the peninsula (Crimea) to the Republic of Ukraine for purely administrative reasons, and within the framework of the Soviet Union that brought Russia and Ukraine together in the framework of a single superpower.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea

No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced 27th of February and held less than three weeks later.

On March 27th, 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which it stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. The oft-cited figure of 97% has been contested by the Kremlin’s own Human Rights Council, which estimated that only between 30% and 50% of Crimeans took part in the referendum, of which some 50-60% favoured secession.

See here for the EU statement on the fifth anniversary of Crimea annexation.

Furthermore, Crimea is part of Ukraine. In 1783 Catherine II (the Great) annexed Crimean peninsula. After that, the rivalry between the Russians and the Turks persisted, and in the Crimean War (1853–56) it expanded into a broader European conflict.

When the Revolution of 1917 led to the collapse of the Russian Empire, the remaining Crimean Tatars declared Crimea to be an independent democratic republic. The peninsula was reorganized as the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1921. After the war, Crimea was downgraded from an autonomous republic to an oblast (region) of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, and in 1954 it was transferred to Ukraine.   

Further debunking by Polygraph.info

Read similar cases claiming that Crimean people have expressed their desire to rejoin Russia in a democratic process and that Crimea never belonged to Ukraine.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 200
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Manipulated elections/referendum, Referendum, Crimea
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The US Defender 2020 manoeuvre is directed against Russia

Thus, in addition to the US large-scale manoeuvre Defender Europe 2020, which is also directed against Russia by rehearsing the transfer of troops in the direction of the Russian border, the US-led manoeuvre BALTOPS 2020 will also be carried out over the Baltic Sea.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the West/ NATO threatening or encircling Russia and the US-led military exercise "Defender-Europe 2020", which is not aimed or targeted at Russia. US Major General Andrew Rohling Deputy Commanding General for the US Army in Europe, informs that the US-led exercise "Defender 2020" is an American exercise with 18 NATO partner countries. Rohling emphasises that the aim of the exercise is not to target any country, but rather to test strategic readiness and how to react to a crisis.

Exercise Defender-Europe 2020 is the deployment of a division-size combat-credible force from the United States to Europe, the drawing of equipment and the movement of personnel and equipment across the Atlantic to various training areas in Europe, like Germany and Poland. With US Defender Europe 2020, the 18 participating NATO-countries are therefore practising procedures to ensure and demonstrate the ability to relocate and also to confirm the alliance's commitment to supporting and, in particular, to show the United States' commitment to Europe's security.

Russia is always working on accurate implementation of UN resolutions

Through the strict and accurate implementation of UN resolution to resolve issues and international conflicts, which primarily guarantees the interests of the peoples of these countries, Russia has insisted during the last period on the necessity to activate the role of the United Nations.

Disproof

Russia is the subject of a series of UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolutions, and the history of respecting these resolutions, especially the ones related to Ukraine, tells another tale.

Just to name a few:

COVID-19 is a mixture of coronavirus and HIV

What happened with the coronavirus confirms that it is manufactured, abnormal and a mix between old coronavirus components that do not infect humans and parts of the HIV virus, with the aim of producing a vaccine.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory about the 2019-nCoV coronavirus. There is no evidence to suggest that the virus was man-made inside laboratories, let alone that it is a pretext for enforced vaccination, which is another common conspiracy theory about COVID-19. For example, the medical Journal “Emerging Microbes & Infections” specifically says there is “No credible evidence supporting claims of the laboratory engineering”.

The claim that the COVID-19 contains artificially-introduced insertions from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), thereby proving it is man-made, is based on a preprint of a research study uploaded to bioRXiV on 2 February 2020. The paper, titled "Uncanny similarity of unique inserts in the 2019-nCoV spike protein to HIV-1 gp120 and Gag", has not been peer-reviewed and was soon withdrawn by the authors after the study received extensive criticism from other scientists and the genetic information that had matched turned out to be common in many other organisms.