Disinfo: Hungary recognised Crimea as Russian

Summary

In Hungary, Crimea was recognised as Russian territory.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that the European Union recognises the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimea.

The Hungarian television channel M1, showed a video clip from the annexed Crimea, marking it as part of neighbouring Russia. In a short video under the No Comment section, the TV channel shows hundreds of jellyfish that were thrown onto the Azov coast of Crimea. The description under the video “Krím-Félsziget, Oroszország - 2019. November 27” is translated as “Crimea Peninsula, Russia - 2019. November 27.” This was broadcast on 29 November. The Embassy of Ukraine in Hungary turned to the M1 TV channel with a request to correct the inscription in the video. At the moment, the video has been removed from the channel’s website and from social media.

After the annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula in 2014, Hungary announced that it would not recognise the occupation of Crimea. This is the official position of both the Hungarian government and the European Union as a whole, which remains unchanged to this day.

The EU policy on non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol includes a whole range of measures. In response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and deliberate destabilisation of a neighbouring sovereign country, the EU has imposed restrictive measures against Russia.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 177
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Hungary, Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, fake news, Crimea
  • Outlet: Utro.ru, Nahnews.org, Crimea.mk.ru
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Russia did not violate the Budapest memorandum

The Budapest memorandum does not work and it is Ukraine’s own fault, Ukraine has allowed a civil war on its territory. Russia did not violate this treaty because it did not use nuclear weapons against Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation that there is a civil war in Ukraine. The war in eastern Ukraine is not a civil conflict, but a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces, ongoing since February 2014.

The mentioned Budapest Memorandum is a diplomatic document that was signed in December 1994 by Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Under the memorandum, Ukraine promised to remove all Soviet-era nuclear weapons, which Ukraine received after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The arsenal Ukraine was left with was the third largest nuclear arsenal in the world, including intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons. On 24 October 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a statement on the country's nuclear-free status. Three years later, Ukraine actually joined the nuclear non-proliferation treaties. In exchange, the leaders of the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom signed the Budapest memorandum with guarantees of the integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.

Euromaidan was a coup fomented by Victoria Nuland

Maidan was a coup fomented by Victoria Nuland.

Disproof

No supportive evidence is given to this recurrent conspiracy narrative on the coup in Ukraine in 2014, fomented by the West, Georges Soros or Victoria Nuland in person, often also portrayed as a "Nazi coup".

There was no coup d'état in Ukraine. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was the people's reaction by numerous segments of the Ukrainian population to former President Victor Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013.

Western politicians and the media embrace Browder’s story about Magnitsky without even checking it first

Browder’s Justice for Magnitsky campaign could be presumed to personal revenge against Russia. A campaign that uses the deadly fate of the auditor to punish the country that sued him. Why did Western politicians and the media embrace Browder’s story so easily without even checking it first? Probably because his story is in perfect harmony with the disastrous image of Russia in the West.

Disproof

This case is part of the pro-Kremlin media's ongoing disinformation campaign against Magnitsky sanctions and their chief proponent, Bill Browder accusing him and the West of Russophobia - a disinformation tactic commonly used by pro-Kremlin outlets to deflect criticism about Moscow's policies by painting Russia as the innocent victim of Western antipathy.

As the CEO of Hermitage Capital, once the largest investment firm in Russia, Bill Browder fell afoul of the Russian government in 2005 after exposing the details of a vast $230-million corruption scheme involving several high-ranking Russian officials. While investigating the corruption scheme, Hermitage Capital’s tax lawyer Sergei Magnitsky was arrested. During his 11-month imprisonment, he was tortured, denied medical care, and ultimately left to die. A Russian investigation concluded that Magnitsky had died of natural causes; the case was then closed and Magnitsky was posthumously convicted of tax evasion. To commemorate Magnitsky, Bill Browder launched a campaign to sanction the individuals involved in his mistreatment and death. This campaign has led the United States and several other countries (the UK, Canada, and the Baltic States) to adopt so-called 'Magnitsky sanctions' that restrict the travel and freeze the assets of individuals who have been involved in human rights abuses and mass corruption.