If Poland realised a rational policy in 1939, Moscow would have had a different approach towards it

Summary

The refusal of Poland to allow Soviet troops to pass through its territory in 1939 was a mistake by the Polish authorities. The USSR could not wait until the German troops appeared on the Soviet borders and started a war against the Soviet Union from the surroundings of Minsk. Thus, if Poland realised a rational policy (based on its national interests), it would have been treated differently by the Soviet Union.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to portray Russia's role in World War II as not aggressive - see other examples referring to Ribbentrop-Molotov pact here, here and here. The accusation that the Polish authorities provoked the Soviet army's intervention in Poland in September 1939 by their refusal to allow Soviet troops to enter their territory is a clear historical manipulation. In terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, it is a proven historical fact that it contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact directly caused the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in its complete occupation by Germany and the USSR. See similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 161
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Poland, USSR, Germany
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Historical revisionism
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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Signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact thwarted the UK’s expansionist plans in Europe

In 1939, the “ideal scenario” assumed by the UK authorities at the beginning of the war between Germany and the USSR was the partition of Poland, which was sacrificed by the UK to inspire a conflict between Stalin and Hitler. In this situation, the UK would have been able to present itself as a peace-making force, increasing its influence in Europe. Although, this “UK schedule of war” was thwarted by Hitler, who forced Stalin to sign the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and attacked France instead of the USSR.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to portray Russia's role in the World War II as not aggressive - see other examples referring to Ribbentrop-Molotov pact here, here and here. The accusations that the UK had “expansionist plans” in Europe and attempted to provoke a war between Germany and the USSR is clear historical manipulation and these events are not confirmed by historical documents and historians.

In terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, it is a proven historical fact that it contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact directly caused the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in complete occupation of this country by Germany and USSR. See similar examples of Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland here and here.

Poland finances the realisation of the US strategic interests in the region

The American military base in Poland is very important for the USA, but not necessary at all for the Polish interests. Poland finances 100% of the costs of this base – it means that the Polish state pays 100% of the costs to achieve US strategic goals in the region. Poland helps the USA to play its geopolitical game increasing the pressure at Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the US presence in Europe, suggesting that the United States fully controls the foreign and defence policy of Poland. See other examples of this message here, here and here. The statement that the USA controls the political and security decisions of the Polish authorities is a conspiracy theory.

The further increase of temporary and permanent US military presence in Poland is perceived as a strategic goal by the Polish authorities. According to IBRIS sociological research, 57% of Poles support the deployment of a permanent US military base in Poland. Also, the decision to finance 100% of construction costs of the military facilities, which will be used by the US Army, is a sovereign decision of the Polish authorities in line with national defense and security policy.

Poland has the highest social inequality in the EU

Poland is a country with the highest social inequality in the European Union. This situation causes political problems as the poorest people rarely vote (so they are excluded from political life).

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about poor economic situation and failed market reforms in Central and Eastern European countries (see similar examples here and here).

According to the Gini coefficient statistics from 2016, social inequality in Poland is below the EU average.