Disinfo: In Chile, 10 kilograms of bread cost as much as an average monthly salary


The average salary in Chile is 300,000 pesos and one kilogram of bread costs 30.000 pesos. It is impossible to live this way – an insignificant increase in the price of subway tickets caused the people to go out on the streets.


This disinformation message promotes the idea of a completely unbearable economic situation in Chile.

The available data shows that one kilogram of bread does not cost 30,000 Chilean pesos (36 EUR) - according to two different price-comparison global services (GlobalPrice, Numbeo), one kilogram of bread costs in Chile about 2,000 Chilean pesos (2.45 EUR). The following study shows that one kg of bread in Chile costs even less - 0.95 USD.

The current minimum salary in Chile is 301,000 Chilean pesos (366 EUR). The current average salary in Chile is 405,000 pesos (493 EUR or 550 USD).

Chile continues to be one of the richest countries in Latin America, but also suffers severe income inequality (the worst among the 36 member nations of the OECD), leading to the current protests. From 1991-2005, Chile faced spectacular rates of GDP growth (on average, 4.1% a year). In 2019, the predicted GDP growth has fallen to an estimated 2 - 2.6% a year due to negative economic impacts from the protests.


  • Reported in: Issue 171
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 29/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Chile
  • Keywords: fake statistics, Protest, Economic difficulties
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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US plans to create a Kurdish independent state were thwarted by Russia and Turkey

Russian and Turkish presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Sochi to sign a memorandum about Syria after intense negotiations. The provisions include the deployment of Russian-Syrian forces on the territories previously controlled by the US and Kurdish militias. This historical agreement will put an end to the US attempts to implement a ‘Great Kurdistan’, the creation of a Kurdish independent state on Turkey’s borders.


The allegations about a US plan to create a ‘Great Kurdistan’ are a conspiracy theory with zero evidence to back it.

There is a long-established conspiracist mindset in Turkey called ‘the Sèvres Syndrome’, well known to political scientists and Turkish observators, which tends to think that Western powers are always plotting to divide Turkey as they did in the Sèvres Treaty in 1920, sometimes allegedly using minorities as a spearhead. One of its most recent expressions is the idea that the West is promoting Kurdish separatism as a way to weaken a resurgent Turkey, a belief reinforced by the support provided by the US military to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Syria. One survey conducted in 2018 showed that “ninety percent [of participants] said that the United States was behind the PKK and YPG [Kurdish armed groups in Turkey and Syria]”.

Bombings of Yugoslavia killed between 1200 and 2500 civilians

The bombing of Yugoslavia was NATO’s first combat mission without the approval of the UN Security Council. According to various estimates, between 1200 and 2500 people were killed, including 89 children. 12,500 civilians were injured. 148 houses and 62 bridges were destroyed. About 300 schools, hospitals and state institutions, as well as 176 cultural monuments, were damaged.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the number of civilian casualties of NATO bombingdebunked by Polygraph, and war in former Yugoslavia, aiming to portray NATO's bombing in Yugoslavia as more devastating and to demonise NATO's actions during the Yugoslav war.

The Sputnik article presents no source of the quoted number of killed civilians. According to the Humanitarian Law Center, in Serbia (excluding Kosovo) and Montenegro, 275 persons lost their lives in the NATO bombings: 180 civilians, 90 members of the Yugoslav Armed Forces and five members of the Ministry of Interior of Serbia. In Kosovo, 484 people were killed: 267 civilians (209 Albanian and 58 non-Albanian), 171 members of the YA, 20 members of the Serbian MUP and 26 members of the KLA (19 of whom died in the NATO bombing of the Dubrava prison, near Istok).

Poland is losing its independence

The Polish government is submissive not only to its main ally (or even a hegemon) – the United States but also to much smaller countries such as Israel. The evidence for this statement is the recent anti-Iranian conference in Warsaw, which was in reality organized by the USA and Israel. Polish independence is weakening, or it has already been completely liquidated.


A common pro-Kremlin narrative on the “lost sovereignty” - in the case of Poland, this country is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States. The statement that Poland is submissive to the will of the United States or other countries (Israel) is a conspiracy theory. Poland is a sovereign state, which shapes its own foreign and domestic policies.

The Middle East conference in Warsaw took place on February 13-14, 2019 - it was officially organized by Poland and the United States. This event united 43 official delegations (mainly, from the countries of the European Union, Middle East, Middle Asia and North Africa). The main official issues of this conference were terrorism and extremism, missile development and proliferation, maritime trade and security, and threats posed by proxy groups across the Middle East.