Disinfo: In September 1939 the USSR did not attack Poland, but carried out the liberation campaign of the Red Army

Summary

On 17 September 1939, the Red Army’s Liberation Campaign took place on the territory of Poland defeated by Nazi Germany. As a result of this campaign, Western Ukraine was reunited with the Ukrainian SSR, and Western Belarus – with the BSSR. “Human rights activists”, “liberal” historians and journalists in Belarus and Russia in vain play along with the regular attacks of Russophobia and anti-Sovietism in Poland every time the historical dates of the beginning of World War II are celebrated.

Disproof

This is a pro-Kremlin narrative about Russophobia and a clear case of historical revisionism about WWII.

The beginning of WWII was marked by cooperation between Hitler's Germany and the USSR. The Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union, also known as the "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact" (Hitler-Stalin Pact) was signed on 23 August 1939. After its conclusion, Nazi Germany and the USSR became allies for 22 months. The agreement was accompanied by a secret supplementary protocol on the delimitation of areas of mutual interest in Eastern Europe. In particular, Hitler and Stalin agreed to divide Poland. The agreement also indicated that the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania, as well as Bessarabia and Finland, also belong to the respective areas of interest of Germany and the USSR.

On 1 September 1939, Hitler attacked Poland, Soviet troops entered the territory on September 17 of the same year. This was not a "liberation operation", but the beginning of the war and the partition and occupation of Poland.

Read more disinformation cases on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 214
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 18/09/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: EU, Russia
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, WWII

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Russia never meddles in the internal affairs of other countries

Russia never meddles in internal affairs of its neighbours, or more generally any other country.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative denying the meddling in internal affairs of neighbouring countries and all countries in general.

The interference of Russia in internal affairs of ex-soviet is a long tradition that even ended sometimes in frozen armed conflicts.

The escalation between Armenia and Azerbaijan is directed against Russia

The escalation between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed territory of Nagorno Karabakh is about to get out of control, a scenario wished by some. It can’t be ruled out that this may be directed against Moscow, where the goal is to take the war to a strategic territory for Russia, sensitive for the security of its southern flank. This is something that the Armenian government seem to be starting to understand, after having flirted with the US since 2018 without realising that for this power it is only and exclusively a tool for its regional strategy, subversive and terrorist since it is based on destroying and dividing countries, turning people into enemies of each other and this way securing its presence, the sale of weapons and the plundering of natural and material reaches. The future and welfare of Armenia depend on its indestructible alliance with Russia, something that is clear for most Armenians but not so much for some of its rulers who are now starting to understand that their political games jeopardise the mere existence of a country and a people.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory with no proof presented to support any of the claims, mixing several recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about Russia being encircled by an aggressive West, and the need for Russia’s neighbours to yield to its requests in order to maintain good relations. There is no evidence that foreign powers had anything to do with the September 2020 military escalation between Armenia and Azerbaijan and that the escalation is meant to destabilise Russia.

See other examples in our database, such as claims that the US embassy in Armenia is a mini-Pentagon escalating tension in the region and the Middle East; that western curators organised an anti-Russian coup in Armenia; that the US is encircling Russia with biological labs for a future attack and is ready to carry out a false flag operation in Alaska to blame Russia; or that it is using the conflict of Nagorno-Karabakh to exhaust and destabilise Russia.

The United States played a key role in organising the protests in Belarus

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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Belarus protests and about protests in post-communist countries, presenting them as being organised and controlled from abroad. This narrative claims that protests, disorders and civil uprisings are never manifestations of popular discontent but are “colour revolutions” directed and funded by the West.

There is no evidence that the US or other foreign forces are involved in any way in the protests in Belarus. The protests in Belarus erupted to contest the results of the presidential election on the 9th of August, which are considered fraudulent by a large part of Belarusian society. The European Union has also stated that the elections were neither free nor fair.