Disinfo: International community should recognise the fact of the civil war in Ukraine, which is destroying its own population


Russia calls on the international community to recognise the fact of the civil war in Ukraine and to impose an arms embargo on this country, which is destroying its own population.

The Ukrainian authorities prohibit opposition political parties, dissent, destroy the free press, journalists.


This is a mix of several recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the war in Eastern Ukraine, presenting the conflict as a “civil war” or a war of Ukraine against its own people in Donbas. The claim also contains a disinformation narrative about discrimination of Russian language media in Ukraine.

There is no civil war in Ukraine. The war in Eastern Ukraine is actually a well-documented case of Russian armed aggression. The EU has repeatedly condemned the clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014, and the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by Russia.

The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015.

Putin has repeatedly stated that Moscow will continue to support these territories, for example by systematically issuing Russian passports that can be then used as a pretext to claim the 'right to protect' and perhaps intervene militarily. Russia is also reported to be using the occupied territories as a testing ground for new weapons.

Ukraine continues to stress that Donbas is a part of Ukraine and that the residents of temporally occupied territories are citizens of Ukraine.

Pro-Kremlin outlets often claim that the closure of three television channels - 112 Ukraina, NewsOne and ZIK - is a violation of freedom of speech and suppression of the opposition. In reality, these channels were taken off the air on 2 February 2021 after sanctions were imposed on their owner, Taras Kozak.

The closure of these channels was not an encroachment on free speech because Taras Kozak was suspected of dealing with the illegal Moscow-backed separatist entities in Eastern Ukraine, which are the so-called DNR and LNR. Detector Media, a Ukrainian NGO and media watchdog, said in a report in October 2020 that these channels were spreading pro-Kremlin narratives claiming that Ukraine is not a state in its own right, that it is controlled by Nazis and that it is governed from outside.

The recent actions of the Ukrainian government have nothing to do with what pro-Kremlin outlets and politicians call infringements on democracy. These are only Ukrainian attempts to finally get rid of Russian influence (for example, the concepts of "Russian world", "One nation", Crimea is Russian, the claim that Ukraine is the second state of the Russian people, military intervention, hybrid war and continuous undermining Ukrainian statehood) and continue its pro-Western course.


  • Reported in: Issue 258
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 03/09/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Donbas, Civil war, Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine
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Disinfo: Ukraine's post-Maidan government came to power as a result of a coup d’état

Ukraine's post-Maidan government came to power as a result of a coup d’état.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Euromaidan portraying the 2013-14 Ukrainian revolution as a coup d'etat.

This narrative portrays the massive popular protests in Ukraine in 2013-2014 as a coup d’état orchestrated by the United States and/or other Western actors to overthrow the then pro-Russian government of Victor Yanukovich.

Disinfo: Political disagreements are behind the halt of the NATO-Russia Council

Political disagreements over Ukraine and the accession of Crimea to Russia led to the almost complete halt of meetings between Russia and the alliance (NATO) in the form of the “NATO-Russia Council”.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea.

Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and the ensuing war in Donbas are some of the main reasons behind the deterioration in NATO-Russian relations.

Disinfo: Poland declared a state of emergency after the appearance of 32 refugees on its border

Poland did not declare an emergency state in a situation of floods and the pandemic. However, the state of emergency was declared after the appearance of 32 refugees on the Belarusian-Polish border.


Recurring disinformation narrative about the ongoing migration crisis on the eastern border of the European Union directly caused by the Belarusian authorities.

On 2 September 2021, Poland declared a state of emergency in two regions bordering Belarus – this step is implemented in order to face the ongoing “migration crisis” orchestrated by Belarusian authorities. In August 2021, about 3500 irregular migrants attempted to enter the territory of Poland from Belarus.