Disinfo: ISIL was created by American Secret Services


ISIL was created by the American secret service.



Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that either US or the West is behind the creation of ISIL/Daesh. See for example here and here.


  • Reported in: Issue 131
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 20/12/2018
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: US
  • Keywords: Secret services, Daesh
  • Outlet: Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi Kanal (1:05:20)
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Japan is not fully sovereign

Japan is not fully sovereign because it is keeping the US troops on its territory.



Japan is a fully sovereign state recognised by the international community.

New law in Estonia: punishment for negative attitudes towards the state

Negative attitude towards the state will become a crime in Estonia.


Estonia does not punish for negative attitudes towards the state, instead the law mentioned in the news is about intelligence activities directed against the security of the Republic of Estonia.The necessary elements of the criminal offences of the establishment or maintenance of a relationship that is against the Republic of Estonia, and anti-state influencing of officials are also specified.

Further debunking by The Insider.