Disinfo: It is possible to count the outbreak of WWII from the Anschluss or the partition of Czechoslovakia


Maybe it is necessary to change the date of the outbreak of WWII to 1938? The signing of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact in August 1939 had allegedly led to the outbreak of the international conflict. The authors of such myths have a goal to fight Russia. The widely recognised date of the outbreak of WWII is September 1st 1939, when the Germans attacked Poland. However, it is possible to provide earlier dates for the outbreak of WWII, for example, the date of the Anschluss of Austria or the date that Czechoslovakia was partitioned.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by stating that WWII started before September 1st, 1939 (referring to the Munich Agreements, the Anschluss, etc.).

The attempts to move the date of the outbreak of WWII to various pre-war events is an example of historical revisionism, carried out in order to shift the co-responsibility of the USSR for the outbreak of WWII on to other European states. Mainstream historiography traditionally perceives such historical developments as the Italian invasion of Ethiopia (1935), the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Japanese invasion of China (1937), the Anschluss (1938) and the Munich Agreements (1938) as pre-war events.

World War II started on September 1, 1939, from the German attack on Poland. This invasion was a direct consequence of the Secret Protocols to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, where Nazi Germany and the USSR divided the “spheres of influence” in Eastern and Central Europe. The Soviet Union attacked Poland on September 17, 1939, implementing its part of the Secret Protocols.

Read similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland - Poland posed a military threat to the USSR in 1938-1939, Nazi Germany considered Poland its best ally, If Poland realised a rational policy in 1939, Moscow would have had a different approach towards it and Poland re-writes the history of the Warsaw uprising accusing the USSR of its failure.


  • Reported in: Issue 184
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/02/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Austria, Czech Republic, Russia, Germany, Poland
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, Historical revisionism, WWII, Nazi/Fascist


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

The Giedroyc Doctrine is an edition of the Polish imperialism

The Giedroyc policy is an edition of the Polish imperialism. It tries to pull into the Polish sphere of influence a country [Belarus], which is a natural part of the Russian culture and which is connected to Russia with historical, cultural and ethnic ties. This is done in order to establish a buffer zone between Poland and Russia.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to blame Poland in having an imperialist policy towards Ukraine and Belarus.

The Giedroyc Doctrine is a political doctrine developed by a well-known Polish publicist Jerzy Giedroyć in the post-war decades. This Doctrine was aimed at the establishment of good relations of Poland with its neighbours through the rejection of any imperial ambitions and territorial claims against its eastern neighbours, the acceptation of the post-war borders, full support for the independence of Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania. The Doctrine called on both Poland and Russia to abandon their struggle over the domination of other East European countries. In other words, the Giedroyc Doctrine fully rejects any Imperialist ideas.
The Eastern policy of Poland after 1989 has been largely based on the Gierdoyc Doctrine – Poland fully supports the independence and territorial integrity of Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine and stands for the development of a strategic partnership with these countries.

The EU practises censorship and war propaganda against Russia

The EU practises censorship and war propaganda against Russia.

There is “censorship” and “war propaganda” in the EU and it is suspected that a “scheme” behind it is to be tested first in Estonia. (…) What’s going on right now is real censorship. But censorship is prohibited in Estonia by the constitution. (…) In January, the biggest NATO manoeuvre since the end of the Cold War began, Defender Europe 2020. This too is justified by the danger from the East. “This is war propaganda. We (Sputnik Estonia) do propaganda too, but in a way that we propagate good neighbourly relations between Russia and Estonia.”


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the undemocratic EU and European values. It also contains recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about the West's deliberate anti-Russian activities, double standards and about Russophobia in the Baltic states. This claim tries to show sanctions against Russia, due to its illegal actions in Ukraine, as unfair persecution against Sputnik and its employees and against media freedom in general.

Estonia ranks 11th in the Reporters without Borders Press freedom index. Estonia has not blocked Sputnik Estonia's website. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Urmas Reinsalu has emphasised that Estonia has not taken any measures against the portal's media content: "They are financial sanctions aimed at economic activity. I believe it to be justified. We have notified the European Commission's Legal Service. European agencies have said in the Commission that steps taken by Estonia in exercising sanctions policy are warranted."

UK and France allowed Hitler to revive a strong army while Poland was a Nazi partner in 1934

It is necessary to remind about the events taking place before the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed. Western European countries, primarily, the UK and France, allowed Hitler to revive a strong army and a mighty industrial military complex. And already in 1934, after signing the Non-Aggression Pact with Germany, Poland had become a silent partner of Berlin in its aggressive actions.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous historical role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by making statements that the USSR was forced to sign this pact; that other European countries signed various international agreements with Adolf Hitler, that the Munich Agreement triggered WWII and various historical conspiracies saying that the Western democracies wanted to inspire a war between Nazism and Communism.

Military cooperation with the USSR was the main way that Weimar Germany could overcome the Versailles’ restrictions. The military technologies developed on the territory of the USSR in the 1920s and beginning of the 1930s became the foundation for Hitler’s industrial-military complex in the 1930s. The Soviet-German military cooperation started after the signing of the Treaty of Rapallo in 1922, allowing Germany to overcome the Versailles’ restrictions on the development of the German Army and the industrial-military complex. The facts of the Soviet-German military cooperation throughout the 1920s and beginning of the 1930s are well-documented, despite the attempts of the authorities of the Weimar Republic to hide it.