It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a country

Summary

For several centuries Russia guaranteed the security of Poland, but now Poland decided that the US will guarantee its security.

It is thanks to Russia that Poland exists today as a country. Poland was a part of the Russian empire, and that was the cradle of its independence. And if it were not for 600 000 Soviet soldiers who died liberating Poland, the country would not exist today, Poles would be speaking German. And today Poland is easily giving up its sovereignty and submitting to the desires of the American masters.

Disproof

A distorted, unfounded comparison between NATO and Russia as ''guaranteeing security'' of Poland.

Poland's security nowadays is based on NATO and the European Union, which is a result of Poland's sovereign decisions.

Russia was making decisions about Polish security in times of communism (1944-1989) and when it was ruling over a part of Polish territory (1772-1918) as a result of partitions, conducted by Russia, Germany (Prussia) and Austria-Hungary. Being part of Russian empire was certainly not a cradle of Polish independence – on the contrary, as a result of partitions, Poland disappeared from the maps of the world for 123 years.

In turn, the Sovietization of Poland after the WWII was accompanied by terror, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. The Warsaw Treaty Organisation (the Warsaw Pact), established as an alternative to NATO, was the Soviet Union’s “external empire”, where people faced daily strife, including shortages of food and housing.

The message also advances recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the US presence in Europe and Polish-US relations.

The message - like many others - appeared after the meeting between President of Poland Andrzej Duda and US President Donald Trump and the signing of an agreement which will increase the number of US rotational military forces of Poland.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 154
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Poland, US
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism
  • Outlet: Tolstoy @ Pervyi Kanal (42:51 - 43:50; 44:28 44:40)
see more

Separatists in Donbas should be called autonomists

The so-called separatists of Donbas, in fact, are simply autonomists.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aiming to give legitimacy to the Donbas area. A similar case claiming there is democracy in Donbas here.

In May 2014, the so-called Donetsk People's Republic proclaimed itself a sovereign state and has asked Moscow to consider its accession into Russia, the Republic’s council said. In November 2018, "elections" of the heads of "Donetsk's people's republic" and "Luhansk people's republic" took place. They were not recognized by the international community. The elections were illegal under Ukrainian law, illegitimate and in violation of the Minsk Agreements.

Eastern European countries will do anything to support their overseas master over Nord Stream 2 just for few cents.

Trump is fighting Nord Stream 2. He raised a wave of indignation in Central and Eastern European countries, which, allegedly, are very concerned about the fate of the Ukrainian transit. Europe, which is facing political collapse due to Brexit, is unable to resist the pressure of the American business-cowboy. Moreover, Eastern European countries will do anything to support their overseas master just for a few cents.

 

Disproof

Message consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the US presence in Europe, lack of sovereignty of Central and Eastern European states and the disintegration of the EU.

A number of EU states are concerned about the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project and its implications to their energy security. Back in March 2016, leaders of 8 Central and Eastern European states sent a letter to the president of the European Commission objecting to the Nord Stream 2 project as posing risk for the energy security in the region. Such position was also shared by the European Parliament.

The EU confirms there was no foreign disinformation campaign in the European elections

The European Union confirmed in the Progress Report on the Action Plan against Disinformation that no foreign disinformation campaign to influence the European elections was detected.

Disproof

This claim is a distortion of the actual report, taking the following sentence out of context: "Available evidence has not allowed us to identify a distinct cross-border disinformation campaign from external sources specifically targeting the European elections”. The next sentence provides further clarification: "However, the evidence collected revealed a continued and sustained disinformation activity by Russian sources aiming to suppress turnout and influence voter preferences”. It also says that the number of disinformation cases attributed to Russian sources and documented by the East Strategic Communication Task Force since January 2019 doubled as compared to the same period a year ago: 998 versus 434.

Asked if the report doesn’t contradict itself, Security Commissioner Julian King said that disinformation aimed at dividing Europeans was "increasingly locally focused", which the report explains as follows: "Instead of conducting large-scale operations on digital platforms, these actors, in particular linked to Russian sources, now appeared to be opting for smaller-scale, localised operations that are harder to detect and expose."