Disinfo: It is time to recognize that the Nazis, not NKVD, are responsible for the WWII Katyn massacre


It was Nazis, and not Soviet NKVD, who shot officers of the Polish army in Katyn in 1941. It is time to recognize it on an official level. The decisions of the Nuremberg Tribunal show the Nazis are guilty for Katyn too.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to distort the truth about the Soviet crimes committed against Poland.

The Katyń Massacre is a symbol of the criminal policy of the USSR against the Polish nation. In Spring 1940, almost 22.000 Polish prisoners of war were executed by the NKVD in Katyn, Kharkiv and Kalinin (Tver). The Massacre was carefully considered and organised by the Soviet leadership. Up until 1991, the Soviet authorities refused to accept responsibility for this crime, blaming Nazi Germany for the mass-murders of Polish prisoners of war. In 1992, Russian President Boris Yeltsin submitted official documents confirming the Soviet responsibility for this crime to Polish President Lech Walesa. Read more about the Katyń Massacre here.

Throughout 2020, the Russian authorities took several measures regarding the Katyń Massacre, which may be considered as historical revisionism. In May 2020, the municipal authorities of the city of Tver ordered the removal of two plaques commemorating the memory of the victims of the Katyń Massacre. In November 2020, the Russian authorities organised a conference on the Katyń Massacre – several participants of the conference promoted the idea that the USSR and the NKVD were not responsible for this crime. These statements are an evident example of historical revisionism promoted by Russia – the Polish authorities continue to demand an investigation into this Soviet crime against the Polish nation.

The Polish Institute of Historical Remembrance protested against the Russian attempts to distort the truth about Soviet crimes.

See other disinformation messages connected to the Kremlin’s historical revisionism: Poland re-writes the history claiming that the USSR attacked it in September 1939Accusing USSR of WWII outbreak, Poland distracts attention from its pre-war “miscalculations” and The pre-war Polish leadership bears all the blame for the tragedy of this country during WWII.


  • Reported in: Issue 330
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 24/04/2023
  • Article language(s) Lithuanian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Poland, Germany, USSR
  • Keywords: Katyn, Historical revisionism, Nazi/Fascist
see more

Disinfo: The West is aware of the fact that weapons provided to Ukraine are being sold on the black market

The West is aware of the fact that weapons provided to the Ukrainian army are being sold on the black market. Western media are silencing it. According to Seymour Hersh, large numbers of weapons were supplied to Ukraine and various commanders were given weapons which they then personally re-sold to someone or simply delivered to the black market.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the necessity to stop support and deliveries of weapons to Ukraine.

There is no evidence which would suggest a state-organised or at least widespread black-market trade of Western weaponry. Russian and pro-Russian media outlets and officials have repeatedly stated that this is happening – and also without any evidence. Multiple journalists have investigated these claims but they have not found any large scale “operations” of this kind.

Disinfo: Poland forms an international corps for the occupation of Western Ukraine

The Polish Ministry of Defense is inviting volunteers to the Lithuanian-Polish-Ukrainian corps with a base in Polish Lublin and Ukrainian Yavoriv. According to the plan, a corps of 20-25 thousand people will be put on alert as early as July this year and is likely to be involved in some "international operations" on the territory of Ukraine.

It is noteworthy that in addition to the Poles, the basis of the corps will be citizens of Ukraine and Lithuania with Polish roots. In order to create Polish units as part of the LITPOLUKRCORPS International Corps, the Polish Ministry of Defense is already conducting a large-scale propaganda campaign among its citizens.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation claim presenting Poland as a state with imperial ambitions. Amid Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the claim about Polish alleged intentions to seize Ukrainian territories has become a frequent disinformation narrative in pro-Kremlin outlets.

This message has adopted several different and sometimes contradictory forms, including allegations that Poland wants either to create a puppet proxy-state in Western Ukraine, or annex these territories, or that it is actually President Zelenskyy who wants to cede this land.

Disinfo: Ukrainian grain is breaking the European Union up

Ukrainian grain, in fact, broke the European Union and the European division of labour. In addition, this situation destroyed the usual model of interaction with the supranational European government. The European Commission is procrastinating in negotiations on an import ban, and plays on the side of Western European countries.

It is clear that the European Commission reacted very slowly to this issue. As a result, countries began making decisions to ban imports independently of the Commission. Now, everyone is forced to agree one way or another among themselves. Otherwise, Eastern European countries will start blocking other European Commission decisions.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the EU disintegration, challenging the EU unity, aiming to deflect Russia’s responsibility for the growing food crisis. This false allegation is in line with a wider pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign aiming to blame Western countries for a global food crisis engineered by Russia as part of its unjustified aggression against Ukraine. The claim has been neither counterbalanced nor critically challenged in the article.

The EU is working on solutions together with Ukraine and concerned neighbour EU Member States that address the current situation, while making sure to continue to support Ukraine and preserve its capabilities to export its grains. These exports are critical to feeding the world and keeping food prices down, in the face of the huge challenges posed by the Russian invasion.