Disinfo: It was Lenin who created Ukraine


Who created Ukraine? It was Vladimir Ilyich Lenin who created it when he created the Soviet Union and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was born as a country.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative designed to denigrate the history of Ukraine, Ukrainian statehood and its independence.

The history of Ukraine dates back to the era of the Kyivan Rus’ in the 9th-13th centuries. A fully independent Ukraine only emerged in the 20th century, after long periods of successive domination by Poland-Lithuania, Russia, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

In the aftermath of World War I and the disintegration of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires two states were created: the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) and the West Ukrainian People's Republic. They merged into a unified state - the Ukrainian People's Republic - on 22 January 1919. Under Lenin's leadership at the beginning of the 20th century, Ukraine was occupied by the Bolsheviks and for decades was under communist control.

When the Soviet Union began to unravel in 1990–91, the legislature of the Ukrainian SSR declared sovereignty (July 16, 1990) and then outright independence (August 24, 1991). With the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991, Ukraine gained full independence which was also recognised by Russia under late president Yeltsin.

Discover seven popular myths about Russia and the Ukraine conflict here - including more about the claim that Ukraine is artificial and belongs inside a Greater Russia.

See also about President Putin's 2021 writings denying Ukraine's right to exist here.

The EUvsDisinfo database contains other examples of this disinformation narrative, for instance, Ukraine was artificially created by the Bolsheviks, or that Ukrainian statehood is an inheritance from Soviet Ukraine, or that Ukraine never had independence before joining the Soviet Union.

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Disinfo: NATO expands Eastwards to threaten and provoke Russia

NATO expands eastwards to threaten and provoke Russia. The Russian demand that NATO should not move further into Ukraine and Georgia is absolutely understandable. But the US will not want to concede this security guarantee voluntarily because of its ongoing hegemonic mania.

NATO's claims on Ukraine deeply worry Moscow. Russia cannot watch indifferently as the Alliance's military infrastructure begins to move toward Russian borders. Russia was only asking the West not to station NATO military infrastructure in Eastern Europe. Rejection of Moscow's demands testifies to disinterest in compromise and strategic dialogue with Russia.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that NATO's 'expansion' is a security threat for Russia.

NATO does not seek confrontation with Russia and poses no threat to Russia. NATO is a defensive alliance, whose primary aims are to maintain peace and safeguard the independence, security and territorial integrity of its members. During the Warsaw summit in July 2016, NATO has made it clear that "The Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia". This was also reaffirmed in the Brussels Summit Communiqué of 14 June 2021.

Disinfo: The West is developing a Ukrainian version of the "White Helmets" known from Syria

Kyiv, in coordination with Western countries, is preparing for a scenario in Donbas similar to what happened in Syria. A chemical provocation attack into the Donbas region following the models of the Syrian "White Helmets".

It cannot be ruled out that there was an attempt in the Donbas to carry out a provocation, similar to the one that took place (or was being prepared) in Syria with the participation of the notorious “White Helmets.”


A new pro-Kremlin media accusations presented without any evidence while blending in a recurring disinformation narrative used in the Syrian conflict that aims to paint the humanitarian group White Helmets as terrorists.

The OSCE Monitoring Mission in Ukraine has not reported any trace or sign of such an attack or preparations.

Disinfo: Kyiv still does not respect the Minsk Agreements

Kyiv is still not respecting the Minsk agreements on the settlement of the crisis. Holding of a new summit of the "Normandy Four" - Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany - depends on the Ukrainian government's compliance with its obligations under the agreements.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Ukraine is not willing to implement the Minsk agreements, and Ukraine's position is the only obstacle on the way to the peace process in Donbas.

Contrary to the claims, the main impediment to a peace settlement in Donbas is, in fact, Russia’s and its proxies’ deliberate unwillingness to implement the Minsk agreements. These documents provide, among other things, for a comprehensive ceasefire and withdrawal of foreign troops from Ukraine. Kyiv announced a truce in July 2020, but the Moscow-backed separatists have been violating it virtually every day.