Kosovo’s independence is an illusion

Summary

Kosovo’s independence, declared in February 2008 but only recognised by the US and its allies, was an illusion.

Disproof

Pro-Kremlin disinformation about countries controlled by the West and their statehood.

There was a civil war in Kosovo, with thousands of casualties and hundreds of thousands of refugees, and which Western countries stopped.  Negotiations on Kosovo's status lasted 10 years. In 2008 the EU Council stressed that in view of the conflict of the 1990s and the extended period of international administration under Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo constituted a sui generis case.

On February 17, 2008, ​the Kosovo Assembly unanimously (109 members present) voted to declare independence from Serbia. Serbia declared that the independence of Kosovo was illegal and Russia supported Serbia in that decision.

The basis for Kosovo’s independence was the prevailing view in international law that minorities who suffer systematic discrimination have the right to secede.  This provided the basis for Kosovo’s recognition by a majority of UN member states.

Within four days of Kosovo’s declaration of independence, fifteen countries (including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Australia) recognised the independence of Kosovo.  As of February 2019,  108 member states of the United Nations, including 23 of the 28 members of the European Union, had recognised Kosovo as independent.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 145
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 09/04/2019
  • Language/target audience: German
  • Country: Kosovo, US
  • Keywords: Territorial dispute, Western Balkans, Civil war, The West
  • Outlet: RT Deutsch
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NATO bombed Yugoslavia because it wanted to be present in the Balkans

NATO bombed Yugoslavia 20 years ago because it wanted to gain a foothold in the Balkans. It wanted the Bondsteel military base.

Disproof

Disinformation narrative consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about NATO aggression.

NATO's military intervention was not intended for a military presence or control in the Balkans, but to ensure that "all the countries of south-eastern Europe can enjoy peace and security".

The US is the founder and supporter of international terrorist groups

The US government and its armed forces are the symbols of international military and economic terrorism.

It is the US government that should be held accountable as the founder and supporter of terrorist groups.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the US supporting or working together with terrorist groups.

The US is fighting against Daesh together with the Global Coalition against Daesh.

Half of internally displaced people from Donbas cannot find work in Ukraine

More than half of internally displaced persons (IDPs) from the Donbas who left the combat zone in 2014 still cannot find work on the territory controlled by the government of Ukraine. The reason for this is the low level of wages and the catastrophic shortage of jobs for Ukrainians. In addition, internally displaced persons cannot find housing, and therefore return to the occupied territories.

Disproof

According to the report of the National Monitoring System in Ukraine, which was submitted on April 9, Ukraine does not have a “catastrophic” level of unemployment. The study is based on surveys of focus groups of internally displaced persons, which included about 6,500 people (out of 1.6 million officially registered IDPs).

According to the report, the number of internally displaced persons unable to work was 48%. These are pensioners, the sick, mothers on maternity leave, students etc. The remaining 52% of internally displaced persons are economically active. 44% of active IDPs have a permanent job that matches their qualifications. The remaining 8% are actually looking for work.