Disinfo: Kyiv is refusing to implement the Minsk agreements

Summary

The negotiating process has effectively stalled because Ukraine refuses to implement the political clause of the Minsk agreements.

Kyiv rejects direct dialogue with the DNR and the LNR, opposes the enshrinement of the region's special status in the constitution and demands that the part of the Donbas bordering Russia be placed under Kyiv's control before the political clauses are implemented, despite the reverse logic of the Minsk agreement.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Ukraine is not willing to implement the Minsk and Normandy agreements, and Ukraine's position is the only obstacle on the way to the peace process in Donbas.

These claims are part of an ongoing disinformation campaign about Russia’s military build-up on the border with Ukraine. By claiming that outside forces are the driving force behind the escalation of tensions, this disinformation story aims to deny any Russian responsibility for the situation.

These tensions are a result of Russia’s actions since late October 2021, including the deployment of more than 100,000 troops, as well as of certain specialised military units, electronic warfare systems and heavy-armoured vehicles. Despite Russian denials, this has been proven by satellite images and intelligence from the US, Ukraine and NATO, among other countries and institutions.

Contrary to the claims, the main impediment to a peace settlement in Donbas is, in fact, Russia’s and its proxies’ deliberate unwillingness to implement the Minsk agreements. Moreover, Moscow illegally provides weapons to the separatists. This is a well-known fact, although Russia denies it and accuses the US of selling weapons to Kyiv. Ukraine, on the other hand, does not conceal the military aid it receives because it is legal and transparent.

By making statements alleging that Ukraine has done nothing to implement the Minsk agreements, Moscow and the separatists it backs are delaying a peace settlement and try to deflect attention away from this responsibility.

Read more about the most prominent pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives surrounding the current Russia-Ukraine conflict in our recent analyses here and here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 272
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/02/2022
  • Article language(s) Hungarian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Donbas, Minsk agreements, War in Ukraine, DNR, LNR
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Disinfo: NATO and US push Ukraine to war with Donbas

The West is pushing Ukraine to war. Today, the country is being crammed with offensive weapons, many of which are already on the front line [in Donbas]. The United States and other countries do not stop there. They pay for mercenaries and specialists who train Ukrainian soldiers to fight against the civilian population of Donbas. All this suggests one thing: NATO, and, in particular, the US, demand that Kyiv repeat the 2014 scenario.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, claiming that it is the West, not Russia, fomenting the war in Ukraine. This claim is a part of a wider disinformation campaign, as our article explains, aiming to deflect attention away from Russia’s military build-up on its border with Ukraine since late October 2021.

Neither the US nor NATO nor the West push Ukraine to the war in Donbas. The weapons that Ukraine received in recent weeks are of defensive nature. These weapons are intended to use against possible further Russian aggression against Ukraine.

Disinfo: During German occupation of Ukraine, the Nazi Bandera contributed to the genocide of his own people

During the German occupation of Ukraine, the Nazi Stepan Bandera contributed to the genocide of his own people.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at denying Ukraine’s identity and Ukrainian nationalism by equating them to Nazism.

Bandera headed the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, a nationalist movement that emerged in 1929 and took root in the Ukrainian-inhabited lands of eastern Poland in the 1930s. Neither Bandera nor the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists was Nazi/fascist. Fascists run or aspire to run existing nations. Nationalists, in contrast, aspire to create nations. Fascists are always authoritarians and chauvinists; nationalists can be liberals, democrats, communists, authoritarians or fascists.

Disinfo: The West stole billions of Gaddafi's money

We all remember the West's looting of frozen Libyan assets after 2011. According to press reports, nearly $11 billion disappeared from Libyan accounts in Belgium alone.

Disproof

Disinformation about actions taken around Muammar Gaddafi. No money has disappeared from Libyan accounts in Belgium. The Belgian government has frozeen the assets of the so-called Libyan Investment Authority (LIA), that used to make investments across the world during the time of Gaddafi, including in Belgium. The amount frozen by Belgium is €14 billion.

The freezing of the LIA assets in Belgium is part of a UN sanctions regime, via UN Security Council resolution 1970, that was passed amid the revolution which unseated Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. The 15 member states of the UN Security Council voted in favour of the resolution, including Russia. The restrictions remain in place on most of the assets the LIA holds outside Libya, including in Belgium. The money has not disappeared.