Disinfo: Leaders of African countries opposed to the CFA have been arrested on corruption charges or riots were organised against them


Experts claim that France’s currency, the French Colonial Franc (CFA), has been in circulation in Africa since 1945. Leaders of African countries opposed to the currency have been arrested on corruption charges or riots were organised against them. The tragic fate of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is connected with this.


Disinformation message that the overthrow of former President of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi was engineered by the West. A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US and some European countries have destabilised Libya which led to the killing of the country’s former President to advance geopolitical goals. See a previous case and also a Polygraph article "Did NATO Cause the Crisis in Libya"?

There is no evidence that Muammar Gaddafi’s overthrow was connected with his position opposing the CFA. Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown by popular uprising which was a part of so-called “Arab spring”. It started mid February 2011 in Benghazi. The first riot was triggered by the arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel who fought for the freedom of political prisoners. Protesters demanded the ousting of Gaddafi who had led the state for over 40 years.

Demonstrations caused a civil war between protesters and pro-governmental forces and in September Gaddafi was killed. There is no proof showing a connection between the CFA and the Libyan protests and no evidence about France’s involvement in triggering the protests. It is also worth pointing out that Mali left the CFA Zone in 1961 and its President Modibo Keïta was in his position until 1968.

Background: The message appears as part of an article about the history of French colonial policies, and was published the day after the French upper house on November 25 adopted a nonbinding resolution calling on France to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent state.


  • Reported in: Issue 224
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 26/11/2020
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Libya, France
  • Keywords: Arab Spring
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Disinfo: Putin paralysed Ukraine in Nagorno-Karabakh

What happened in Nagorno-Karabakh and the strategy of President Vladimir Putin paralysed Ukrainian leadership. Their plans in the Donbas and Crimea are now unfeasible. Ukraine was discussing military cooperation with Turkey, but the peace deal shocked both leaderships. If Ukraine, following Azerbaijan’s example, tried to take back the Donbas with force now, it would give Russia a free hand to act.


Recurring Russian disinformation about alleged Ukrainian attempts to exploit the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis by taking with force Donbas and Crimea.

There is no link between the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the war in Ukraine. The recent escalation in the Nagorno-Karabakh region is a continuation of the decades-old conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, while the war in Eastern Ukraine is a well-documented act of ongoing aggression by Russian armed forces, since February 2014.

Disinfo: Biden won the election due to serious violations

The American electoral system was established with one goal, which is to strengthen the two-party system, by which the struggle for administrative influence in the country is fought. This time, the Republicans lost the fight. And the fact that serious violations were committed in a number of major states, shifting the result sharply in the direction of Joe Biden, and the inability to prevent them, indicates that the Democrats won this internal struggle. But the most important thing is that the “smell” of Biden’s victory will haunt him for the four years. The scale of electoral violations is so great that it will chase him anywhere.


The story is part of an emerging pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative seeking to delegitimise the conduct and results of the 2020 US Presidential election.

So far no evidence of massive fraud has been presented except rumours. Several reliable sources debunked the massive fraud claims: the BBC, The Guardian, the New York Times, Forbes, Le Monde.

Disinfo: No evidence of Trump collusion with Russia

Over the years of Trump’s presidency, Democrats have tried to accuse him of collaborating with Russia, and they looked for evidence of that, and never found it.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation denying Russian interference in the 2016 US presidential election.

Available evidence suggests that Russian meddling the 2016 US presidential poll - which specifically aimed to damage Clinton's campaign and aid her opponent - did affect the outcome of the vote, particularly in three critical swing states where Trump's victory margins were the thinnest.