Disinfo: Lithuania is a hostage of the American interests in Eastern Europe


The recent training bombing realised by the US B-52 bombers in Lithuania was a clear provocation – Lithuania has become a hostage in process of realisation of the American interests in Eastern Europe.


This message is part of a broader Kremlin’s disinformation narrative about the Baltic states, which are presented as “vassals” of US and NATO and used against Russia. See other examples of this narrative here, here and here. Lithuania is an independent state, which makes sovereign decisions about its foreign and domestic policy. NATO's increased presence in the Baltic Sea region has been a request of the Baltic states. Following Russia's aggressive actions against Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia requested a greater NATO presence in the region. Lithuanian public support for NATO is currently at a five year high, with 86% of the population in favor of Lithuania’s NATO membership, according to public opinion poll carried out in December 2018 at the request of the Ministry of National Defence. 83% of respondents also approve of NATO allies’ presence on the territory of Lithuania. NATO is a defensive alliance, whose purpose is to protect its member states. NATO exercises and military deployments are not directed against Russia. More information about NATO exercises is available here.


  • Reported in: Issue 170
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 27/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Baltic states, Lithuania, US
  • Keywords: Encircling Russia, Lithuanian military, Military exercise, US presence in Europe, Puppets, NATO, Baltic states


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Ukraine can unblock negotiations on maritime borders by recognising the Russian status of Crimea

Ukraine recognising the Russian status of Crimea would be a good basis for negotiations on maritime borders between the two countries.  


Another manipulative story that Ukraine impedes negotiations with Russia on a peaceful settlement. Ukraine stated that it is ready for negotiations "in any format" to restore Ukrainian sovereignty over Crimea annexed by Russia. Russia appeals to the fact that after the annexation of Crimea, Ukraine allegedly lost any right to use the sea routes adjacent to the peninsula. However, according to the international maritime law (article 44), Kyiv has every right to use the Black and Azov Seas. The European Union has repeatedly called on Russia to stop its aggressive policy against Ukraine and ensure freedom of passage in the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait. More cases about Sea of Azov here.

Russian long-range bombers have never realized bombing simulations against other countries

The appearance of American bombers B-52H Stratofortress at the borders of Crimea and imitation of bombing of Crimea has provocative character, and it is the element of information war. The main component in this event is the imitation of bombing of Crimea. The Russian long-range bombers have never allowed themselves such actions.


This message presents a narrative on aggressive NATO threatening peaceful Russia. Read similar cases alleging that NATO is an instrument of US foreign policy, the USA imposes confrontation with Russia on Europe and NATO is pursuing a real war-preparation policy for Europe. During the recent years, there has been increased activity of the Russian strategic bombers flying close to the borders of NATO members and other US allies - in many situations, these flights take a form of military provocation. It is a common situation when the Russian strategic bombers openly violate the airspace of sovereign countries (Japan, South Korea, Colombia, etc.). Moreover, there have been cases (confirmed by NATO), that Russian strategic bombers simulated nuclear strikes against other countries – see the case of Sweden. Regarding the recent flight of the American bombers near Crimea, according to the United States European Command (EUCOM), two B-52H strategic bombers conducted the integration and interoperability training with European allies and partners in the Black Sea region. The EUCOM states that this deployment enhances global stability and security while enabling units to become familiar with the U.S. Air Forces Europe-U.S. Air Forces Africa area of responsibility.

Lithuania is temporarily NATO-occupied territory ruled by non-Lithuanians

Lithuania and other Baltic states are under temporary occupation by NATO. Lithuania is ruled by a group of people who are not Lithuanians at all. Generally, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine are one common territory which was illegally destroyed in 1991 as a result of the defeat in the Cold War. They are part of Russian world, and over time, Lithuania will get back to it too.


Historic revisionism and recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative undermining the sovereignty of the Baltic States. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are sovereign countries and NATO allies. See earlier disinformation cases alleging that Lithuania is occupied by NATO, that NATO buried Latvia’s and Lithuania’s independence and is currently targeting Belarus, that the West destroyed the USSR and is currently targeting the Union State between Belarus and Russia, and that the Baltic States and Ukraine belong to the ’Russian world’.