Disinfo: The President of Lithuania lied when stating that Russia attacked Georgia in 2008, annexed Crimea in 2014 and participates in the war in Ukraine

Summary

Dalia Grybauskaite, President of Lithuania addressing the UN General Assembly, lies when saying that “Despite a special responsibility that was imposed on the Russian Federation as a permanent member of the Security Council – the protection of international law – Russia violates the UN Charter. It attacked Georgia’. She lies because it was recognized by the EU commission that it was Georgia, who attacked, and that we just exceeded the necessary defence limits. She lies that Russia illegally annexed the Crimea, because there was a referendum in Crimea, and she lies when saying that Russia is participating directly in the war in Easter Ukraine.

Disproof

The EU's Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia (IIFFMCG) did not conclude that Georgia attacked in 2008. It stated that "The shelling of Tskhinvali by the Georgian armed forces during the night of 7 to 8 August 2008 marked the beginning of the large-scale armed conflict in Georgia, yet it was only the culminating point of a long period of increasing tensions, provocations and incidents." and "The Mission is not in a position to consider as sufficiently substantiated the Georgian claim concerning a large-scale Russian military incursion into South Ossetia before 8 August 2008. However, there are a number of reports and publications, including of Russian origin, indicating the provision by the Russian side of training and military equipment to South Ossetian and Abkhaz forces prior to the August 2008 conflict. Additionally there seems to have been an influx of volunteers or mercenaries from the territory of the Russian Federation to South Ossetia through the Roki tunnel and over the Caucasus range in early August, as well as the presence of some Russian forces in South Ossetia, other than the Russian JPKF battalion, prior to 14.30 hours on 8 August 2008. Also it seems that the Russian air force started its operations against Georgian targets, including those outside South Ossetian administrative boundaries, already in the morning of 8 August, i.e. prior to the time given in the Russian official information." web.archive.org/web/20091007030130/http://www.ceiig.ch/pdf/IIFFMCG_Volume_I.pdf, In 2014, the Russian troops forced the parliament of Crimea to organize an illegal referendum and then conducted the annexation of it that has been condemned by the UNGA (see the resolution A/RES/68/262 on the territorial integrity of Ukraine) bit.ly/1RZGnjo, . There are also numerous facts witnessing the aggression of Moscow including Russian soldiers captured by the army of Ukraine on the territory of this country or the deployment of heavy weapons and mercenaries from Russia to Donbas, Eastern Ukraine. Further details, for example, are in the following reports: bit.ly/1i9fChX, , bit.ly/1JUXaQB, , bit.ly/1RbWQU5, , bit.ly/1L6f6J6, , bit.ly/1GpWmnW,

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 81
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 20/09/2017
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Lithuania, Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Dalia Grybauskaitė, European Union, Russo-Georgian War, International Law, UN, Crimea
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OSCE has changed its attitude towards the question of Crimea

OSCE has changed its attitude towards the question of Crimea and takes it now calmer than before.

Disproof

No evidence given. See the OSCE draft resolution from July ft.dk/samling/20161/almdel/OSCE/bilag/19/1756707.pdf, and the declaration adopted by the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly where it reaffirms its full respect for the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders, which include the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. www.oscepa.org/documents/all-documents/annual-sessions/2017-minsk/declaration-25/3555-declaration-minsk-eng/file, Further debunking: theins.ru/antifake/71480,

US wants to destroy Russia

From the moment of dissolution of the Soviet Union, this elite of the US has aimed to dismember and destroy such a country as the Soviet Union was, and Russia is. And they have really achieved a lot on this way.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory. No evidence given. More information about the cooperation between the US and Russia after the Cold War: www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/11/trump-putin-russia-election-nato/508496/, Nato has also consistently worked hard to build a cooperative relationship with Russia since the early 1990s, through the Partnership for Peace and creation of a NATO-Russia Council, and specific cooperation in the Western Balkans on and issues like counter-narcotics and counter-terrorism. In fact, as NATO points out, no other NATO partner has been offered a comparable relationship, nor a similarly comprehensive institutional framework: bit.ly/2e0TZnG, . Cooperation was suspended only in response to Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine. www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50090.htm,

Ukraine is part of Russia both territorially and demographically

Ukraine is part of Russia. Look at the history: after all, the territory, the people – it’s all from Russia.

Disproof

An old Kremlin’s myth debunked many times. Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc. Ukrainian citizens are citizens of Ukraine, not Russia. Russia has no right to claim them or to legislate for them. The first historical state with a Slavic settlement was formed around Kyiv more than two centuries before the foundation of Moscow. Throughout the centuries, Ukrainians maintained their own cultural and linguistic identity. The distinction is apparent e.g. through the fact that in 1654, Ukraine and Russia needed translators to sign the Treaty of Pereyaslav. In the last Ukrainian census, carried out in 2001, 8.3 million people (17.3% of the population) identified as ethnic Russians bit.ly/1gKrIph, .