Disinfo: MH17: BUK was transported to Ukraine in times of USSR


Russia’s Ministry of Defence thoroughly searched its archives and was able to identify the missile based on the fragments from the crash site. The Ministry determined the serial number and represented the entire life cycle of the missile.

The [BUK]-rocket, which was still manufactured in Soviet times, was brought to a military base in Ukraine in 1986. Since then, the rocket has never left the Ukrainian Soviet Republic nor, after the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine.

According to the Ministry of Defence, the BUK missile was only transported within Ukrainian territory.


Conspiracy theory that the Ukrainian side was involved in the shooting down of MH17, with no evidence provided.

An example on the many competing and occasionally contradictory stories promulgated by Russian state-controlled media on MH17. The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy (or: Pervomaiskyi). At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH17, was taken back to the Russian Federation.

On 24 May 2018, the JIT stated that the BUK-TELAR that was used to down MH17 originates from the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile brigade, a unit of the Russian army from Kursk in the Russian Federation. The JIT reached this conclusion after extensive comparative research. Several images of the BUK-TELAR with which MH17 was downed are available. Analysis of these produces a number of characteristics. The combination of these is so special that that can be considered as a fingerprint. This fingerprint has been compared with numerous images of BUK-TELARS, both Ukrainian and Russian ones. The only BUK-TELAR on which this combination of characteristics was also found, is a BUK-TELAR that was recorded several times when it joined a convoy of the 53rd brigade on 23–25 June 2014.

Furthermore, a joint international open source investigation led by Bellingcat has identified conclusively that the person of interest known as ‘Andrey Ivanovich’ or ‘Orion’ whose identity is sought by the Joint Investigating Team in connection with the criminal investigation into the downing of MH17, is in fact Russian citizen, Oleg Vladimirovich Ivannikov. Ivannikov was an officer of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Ministry of Defence (GRU), and served in that function until at least as late as September 2017. During his undercover deployment to the LNR, he coordinated and supervised the military activities of Russian militants, pro-Russian separatists and “private army” contingents from the Wagner group. Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia Ukraine border. He held these functions at the time of the downing of MH17.

The European Union and NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability. On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable. The US has supported the decisions by the Netherlands and Australia.


  • Reported in: Issue 155
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: German
  • Country: Malaysia, Russia, Ukraine, The Netherlands
  • Keywords: MH17
  • Outlet: RT Deutsch
see more

Crimea rejoined Russia after a democratic referendum

Crimea rejoined Russia after a democratic referendum.

In March 2014, after a good 22 years in the independent Ukraine, Crimea rejoined Russia after the population of the peninsula had voted for it by a majority in a referendum. The reason for the referendum was the nationalist coup d’état in Kyiv.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the annexation of Crimea claiming that Crimean citizens chose to re-join Russia through a legal referendum.

No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on the 27th of February 2014, and held on 16th of March 2014.  For the EU statement on the fifth anniversary of the illegal annexation of Crimea see here.

The sanctions against Russia do not work

Sanctions against Russia do not work. The sanctions have not hit the Russian economy or politics. If these sanctions do not work, it seems that they should be abolished.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that Western sanctions against Russia are unjust and ineffective.

Claims that the sanctions do not work are not backed by evidence. In reality, sanctions imposed on Russia by the US and EU, following the annexation of Crimea and Russian meddling in the US election, have sapped Russian economic growth. The false narrative about sanctions is often backed by false statistics.  For example, the alleged economic growth of two percent does not withstand scrutiny.  In 2018, the inflation rate went up and the rouble depreciated 20% against the dollar.

The unrest in Georgia is staged to fuel anti-Russian tensions and create instability on the Russian border

The recent unrest in Georgia has been staged in order to further fuel anti-Russian tensions or even change one anti-Russian government to another one, the very anti-Russian government. The destabilization of Georgia will also negatively impact the situation in the Caucasus in general, thus creating a new point of instability on the Russian border.


Conspiracy theory, presented without evidence, in line with a trope, claiming "The West" to be behind different kinds of protests - see other examples here.