The conclusions of OPCW’s Investigation and Identification Team (IIT) are dubious, as the technical secretariat unfortunately ignored previously the demands of a number of countries to deal with the issue, which was widely echoed about the manipulation of the report of the fact-finding mission in the use the chemical weapons in Douma in April 2018, which was used by other countries for unjustified aggression against Syria’s sovereignty, and we believe this threatens yet another division inside of the OPCW and causes its politicisation.
The plane is said to have been shot down by pro-Russian separatist rebels controlled and supplied by the Kremlin. This was and is the “official” Western narrative, which we should not even question: If you deviate from the party line on this, you will probably be branded a “conspiracy theorist” or a “stooge of the Kremlin”. The two main ‘alternative’ explanations are that: (a) MH17 was shot down by a Ukrainian fighter or (b) that it was shot down by Ukrainian ground forces, using a BUK system.
One of the multiple disinformation narratives on the downing of flight MH17 denying Russia's responsibility.
The Dutch-led criminal investigation by the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) has been ongoing since 2014. On 28 September 2016, the JIT announced that flight MH17 was shot down by a missile from the 9M38 series, which was launched by a BUK TELAR missile system. The system was transported from the Russian Federation to an agricultural field near the town of Pervomaiskiy in Eastern Ukraine, from where the missile was launched. After firing, the system, with 1 missing missile, went back to the Russian Federation. On the 24 May 2018, the JIT announced its conclusion that the BUK TELAR used to shoot down MH17 came from the 53rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, a unit of the Russian armed forces from Kursk in the Russian Federation.
On the basis of the investigation conducted by the JIT, consisting of law enforcement agencies from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, Ukraine and the Netherlands, the Dutch Public Prosecution Service will prosecute Igor Vsevolodovich Girkin, Sergey Nikolayevich Dubinskiy, Oleg Yuldashevich Pulatov and Leonid Volodymyrovych Kharchenko for causing the crash of flight MH17 and murdering all 298 persons on board. The Public Prosecution Service alleges that the four cooperated to obtain and deploy the BUK TELAR with the aim of shooting down an aircraft. The public hearing took place on 9 March 2020 in the Netherlands.
The European Union and NATO have called on the Russian Federation to accept its responsibility and to fully cooperate with all efforts to establish accountability. On the basis of the JIT’s conclusions, the Netherlands and Australia are convinced that Russia is responsible for the deployment of the Buk installation that was used to down MH17. The two governments are formally holding Russia accountable.
On top of that, on 10 July 2020, the Dutch government decided to bring Russia before the European Court of Human Rights for its role in the downing of Flight MH17. As stated on the government's website, it "attaches importance to continuing the meetings with Russia on the matter of state responsibility. The purpose of these meetings is to find a solution that does justice to the enormous suffering and damage cause by the downing of Flight MH17."