According to experts, as a result of sanctions, Russia lost about $50 billion, the EU – $240 billion, the USA – $17 billion, Japan – $27 billion. The sanctions have had a positive effect on the Russian economy, forcing the country to develop domestic production capacity and technology.
The experiments of Almaz-Antej, the largest manufacturer of anti-aircraft systems, including the Buk, confirmed that the Boeing MH17 was shot down from territory under the control of the Ukrainian army.
Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the shooting down of MH17 claiming that it happened in a territory controlled by Kyiv's forces.
The claims made by Buk manufacturer Almaz-Antey has been debunked already in 2015 by Bellingcat.
The Joint Investigation Team has concluded that flight MH17 was shot down on the 17th of July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a BUK-TELAR missile launcher, from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy. At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. The BUK-TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH17, was taken back to the Russian Federation.
International investigators announced charges against four suspects accused of shooting down flight MH17 on 19th June 2019.