Minsk agreements confirm there is a civil war in Ukraine

Summary

The Minsk agreements, which is truly the only document recognised by the entire international community, because it is endorsed at the level of the UN Security Council, says that this is an internal conflict in Ukraine. There is never a single word about Russia, only in the context that it is the guarantor of the implementation of the Minsk agreements.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that targets the Minsk agreements and justifies Russia's involvement in the war in Ukraine.

The Minsk agreements (the 2014 memorandum and 2015 plan of action) is the roadmap to the stabilisation of the situation in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk. It is true that both documents do not mention Russia as a side involved in the war, however, the documents do not mention the sides whatsoever. There is no clause in the Minsk agreements that defines the conflict as "internal". On the contrary, the Minsk agreements (paragraph 10) state clearly the need to withdraw “all foreign armed formations, military equipment, as well as mercenaries from the territory of Ukraine under the monitoring of the OSCE.”

Previous investigations prove Russia's involvement in the war in East Ukraine. International observers have collected evidence confirming the participation of Russia’s armed forces in the battles in Donbas, the supply of weapons as well as other support to the mercenaries.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation". This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government.

The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue to flow into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, and at successive summits since then, allied leaders also demanded that Russia refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 172
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 01/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Donbas, Minsk agreements
  • Outlet: 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1 time 24:00-24:20
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Finnish concentration camps in Carelia: Finnish guards were paedophiles raping dying kids

Finnish concentration camps in Carelia during WWII: There is proof that some of the Finnish guards were paedophiles raping dying kids

 

Disproof

The article refers to proof but fails to provide the reader with it. The disinformation message consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about lost sovereignty of the  Western moral decay. A collection of earlier paedophilia-related disinformation cases can be seen here.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation message focusing on Finland and Russia's Carelia during the WWII. This time the topic peaked on pro-Kremlin media's agenda in October 2019 after Russia's Security Service FSB released "secret documents" about the conditions in the Finnish camps.

Ukraine is ruled by US and NATO

Now the Americans command what Ukraine should do, but Ukraine does not want to understand this. Its Avakov [minister of internal affairs of Ukraine] goes there for instructions, and everyone else. Zelenskyy waits to shake the hand, but the NATO Secretary-General does not even notice him. He came to Kyiv as a boss, said everything needed, and Zelenskyy had to ask for permission to speak.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin narrative, challenging Ukrainian statehood. For example, pro-Kremlin media has claimed that Ukraine has become a vassal of Germany and Ukraine is under US control.

Ukraine is a sovereign state. Neither the US nor NATO controls Ukraine. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by most of the free world but were violated by Russia in 2014.

The conflict in Eastern Ukraine is a civil rebellion against unconstitutional takeover in Kyiv

Where were you born? In Kyiv. Therefore, the war is civilian. Once again, this is a civil war. The person who was born in Kyiv is the Deputy Minister of information of the DNR.

In 2014, an unconstitutional coup d’etat took place. Most of the population of Ukraine, citizens of Ukraine, several million people did not recognise the results of this unconstitutional coup and seizure of power by the junta led by Turchinov. And they revolted. After that, a civil war broke out. As a result of the war, the two republics proclaimed themselves independent, namely the DNR and LNR.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Euromaidan and war in Ukraine. It disregards the extensive factual evidence confirming ongoing Russian military presence in Donbas. There have been many investigations proving Russia's involvement in the war in east Ukraine.

There was no coup d'état in Ukraine. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk of this disinformation claim.