Disinfo: Minsk agreements were attempt to gain time for Ukraine


The Minsk agreements were an attempt to gain time for Ukraine. Ukraine did not implement the Minsk agreements. France and Germany lied about their willingness to end the conflict in Donbas, they just wanted to fill Ukraine with weapons and prepare it for combat.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, actively trying to legitimise Russia’s military actions. This narrative claims that the West and Ukraine are responsible for the war, because Kyiv did not implement the Minsk agreements.

Before the invasion, Russia was a party to the Minsk agreements, and these are the most recent formal documents in which Russia has affirmed Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia has however not delivered on its side of the implementation of the Minsk agreements. The Russian side and its proxies have failed to implement a ceasefire, withdraw all heavy weapons, implement all-for-all political prisoner exchange, or ensure delivery of humanitarian assistance based on an international mechanism. On the contrary, Russia has been strengthening the illegal armed formations in eastern Ukraine. Russia also did not allow for unfettered access to the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission monitors, including to the Ukraine-Russia border, where the (very limited) monitoring mission was discontinued due to a Russian veto in summer 2021.

Without the full implementation of the ceasefire, the withdrawal of heavy weapons as well as permission for the full access to all territories for the OSCE monitoring mission, it is difficult to discuss the implementation of the political parts of Minsk II. Nevertheless, Ukraine implemented as much of the Minsk agreements as can reasonably be done while not having control over the territory and addressed every point. It has passed – and extended with renewals – legislation on special status and amnesty (2014), and prepared draft legislation on local elections (2014). Ukraine passed constitutional amendments to provide more autonomy to the territories currently outside its control (2015).

The US and EU did not aim to escalate relations with Russia and were not preparing for military conflict. Western nations have always been calling for solving all problems with Russia in a peaceful and diplomatic manner. Moscow’s overall aggressive policy has led to a tougher and better-balanced policy towards it by the West.

Read similar cases claiming that The West encouraged Kyiv not to implement the Minsk agreements, that Kyiv refused to implement the Minsk agreements and conducted a genocide in Donbas and that Russia launched a military offensive because Ukraine did not implement the Minsk agreements


  • Reported in: Issue 321
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 09/12/2022
  • Article language(s) Italian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine, Germany, France, Russia
  • Keywords: Minsk agreements, Donbas, War in Ukraine
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Disinfo: The European Commission always worked under Washington's direction

The European Commission has always worked within the framework and under the direction set by Washington, and it is a framework that is narrowing today, which pushed Europe directly towards the crisis.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the US presence in Europe, portraying Europe as a vassal of the USA and trying to undermine the sovereignty of European countries.

The European Union is a sovereign entity, created by the voluntary initiative of European nations, and it has its own, independent foreign policy. Its citizens are directly represented in the European Parliament and Member States are represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. The United States of America is not part of these institutions. The US had no role in the creation of the EU and has no say in its decisions.

Disinfo: Zelensky uses the same Nazi symbols as Hitler

There is commonality of Nazi symbolism between Adolf Hitler and Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the Ukrainian president elected man of the year by Time magazine whose army has been bombing civilian areas of Donetsk and Gorlovka for 8 years with European weapons. Today's Ukrainian symbols dredge up both the emblems of Nazi Germany (the black sun, the rune wolf tooth) and those of Hitler's collaborationist Ukraine (the red-and-black colours of the UPA, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army).


Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Nazi Ukraine, often presented as justification for the full-scale Russian military aggression against Ukraine, which started on 24 February 2022 and recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation about the atrocities of the Ukrainian army in Donbas, such as war crimes and genocide.

This is part of a disinformation campaign aiming to deflect attention away from Russian actions and justify Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine.

Disinfo: Brussels wants to squeeze Russia out of the Caucasus

We know about the desire of Brussels to infiltrate by any means in the process of normalisation of relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Brussels does this in order to simply stake out a presence on the ground and, ultimately, squeeze Russia out of the region. [...] everything suggests that the EU, with its activity in the South Caucasus, is solely guided by its own opportunistic interests.


Pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Russia as the ultimate target of international events, accusing the ever-aggressive West of having an anti-Russian agenda in the Caucasus. The article advances the claim that the Caucasus is exclusively within Russia's zone of geopolitical interests and attempts to discredit the recently announced EU mission.

The claim attempts to preempt Russia's weakening position in the region.