Disinfo: Nagorno-Karabakh conflict favours US interests, someone wants to divert Russia from Belarus and Syria


The escalated Nagorno-Karabakh conflict clearly creates problems for Russia and serves the US national interests. It seems that third parties want to drag Russia in a big war in the Caucasus and thereby divert its efforts from Belarus, Syria, Nord Stream II and other geopolitical issues. Consciously or not, Azerbaijan and Armenia are harming Russian interests and destroying CIS and CSTO security systems. This may well be the result of comprehensive military and political combination rather then mere coincidence.

A number of planned armed conflicts of average intensity in the Caucasus and other regions manifest the US’s desire to prevail in economic and military spheres in the vicinity of the Russian border. The US does not care about the population of CIS countries, whereas Russia will have to deal with such local conflicts, therefore less Russian resources will remain to compete with Washington in other parts of the world.


This is conspiracy theory hinting that the recent escalation of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the result of deliberate US actions aimed at harming Russia and its interests. It therefore corresponds to recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the belligerent and hostile US and West against Russia and fits well into the disinformation narrative that presents virtually all protests, civil uprisings or local conflicts as a consequence of the West's intentional actions.

The recent escalation in the Nagorno-Karabakh region is a continuation of the decades-old conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia. It is reported that nearly 100 people, including civilians, have died as of 29 September 2020. On 27 September, the EU High Representative Josep Borrell made a statement calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities, de-escalation and for strict observance of the ceasefire.

As we explained in our past analysis, the image of a belligerent West which allegedly provokes protests and local conflicts in Russia's vicinity manufactures a fictional adversary that provides convenient cover for Moscow to justify its illicit activities on the grounds of “defence” and self-preservation.

See earlier disinformation cases alleging that the US is interfering in Hong Kong by supporting the ongoing protests, that the US military in Romania is holding Moldova hostage and using Poland to finance its strategic interests in the region, and that Washington is aiming to sell the Baltic states to Russia.


  • Reported in: Issue 213
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/09/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, US, Syria
  • Keywords: Nord Stream 2, Nagorno-Karabakh, Anti-Russian, Conspiracy theory


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

Russia has been the sole guarantor of Armenian statehood

For years, Russia has been the only guarantor of Armenian statehood and the only force capable to rescue it in the event of a full-scale Azerbaijani-Turkish attack. Nonetheless, the Armenian leadership did pretty well in undermining its strategic partnership with its neighbor.


Recurring disinformation on Russia's role in international relations. The concept of "guarantor" does not exist in current international law. All UN memberstates are, according to the UN Charter obliged to respect other countries integrity.

All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.

Coronavirus was created by Americans in a biolaboratory in Kazakhstan

Several years ago, American laboratories  in Kazakhstan carried out experiments on bats to create a new type of coronavirus that is dangerous to humans. On the territory of the Research Institute of Biological Safety in southern Kazakhstan, the KZ-33 project was implemented, funded by the US Department of Defence.


A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about secret labs and development of biological weapons by the United States. 

There is no evidence to claim that the US is developing biological weapons. There is also no evidence to support the claim that partnering biolabs under the agreement have become epicentres for the spread of infectious diseases or have been used to attack populations.

Neither the USSR nor Russia have never researched or manufactured Novichok

Neither the USSR nor Russia have ever conducted research on a substance codenamed Novichok.

The most likely sources of the poison gas are the UK, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Sweden and the United States.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative concerning the Novichok nerve agent.

The claim that Russia has never studied or stockpiled Novichok is false and contradicts recent statements by the Kremlin. It is well established that Novichok was developed in the Soviet Union beginning in the 1970s. The existence of the research programme was first acknowledged in the 1990s, and the first confirmed victim of the nerve agent was one of the scientists involved in the project.