Disinfo: NATO enlargement is the main problem in relations between Russia and Europe

Summary

NATO enlargement is the main problem in relations between Russia and Europe. Had the Alliance not expanded, there wouldn’t have been problems with Ukraine and Georgia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about NATO encircling Russia and NATO's belligerence, as well as about Ukraine and Georgia and cooperation with NATO. NATO is not a threat to Russia. NATO is a defensive alliance. Its essential and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of all its members by political and military means. NATO's exercises and military deployments are not directed against Russia – nor any other country. In March 2014, in response to Russia's aggressive actions against Ukraine, NATO suspended practical cooperation with Russia. See more disinformation cases on NATO here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 165
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Georgia, Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: Encircling Russia, EU/NATO enlargement
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Violations by the Ukrainian army in the Donbas are secret and nobody investigates them

Former Verkhovna Rada deputy, Alexey Zhuravko, published documents that testify to the crimes of the Ukrainian Armed Forces against the civilian population of the Donbas. Reported cases are dated from 2014-2015 and addressed to the Minister of Defence of Ukraine, Stepan Poltorak. According to experts, information about the crimes of the Ukrainian military in the east of the country has become public knowledge more than once. However, analysts believe that the new government in Kyiv will not be engaged in a full-scale and comprehensive investigation of human rights violations in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the Ukrainian army and its impunity, aggression against the civilian population in Donbas. The Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine denied such allegations, noting that a sentence has been passed on each existing case, and the Main Military Prosecutor’s Office is constantly monitoring the issue of combating crimes in the conflict zone. The UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission documented cases of human rights violations in Donbas every year, and this information is not secret.

The US intends to "discipline the EU" from the position of a senior partner

The EU is in crisis: a crisis in migration policy, in relations with each other, a crisis in relation to sanctions against Russia, and so on. The United States wants to keep under its vigilant control the processes of the evolution and transformation of the European Union. They’re not going to leave Europe. The US will try to rebuild relations on the basis of a senior partner’s relation to a junior.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about US presence in Europe, portraying Europe as a vassal of the USA. Russian disinformation sources like to claim that almost all European countries are no longer truly sovereign. The EU Member States are sovereign countries and make sovereign decisions about their own security and policies. The US is an important ally to the EU but EU policy is not determined by the US, as explained by the EU High Representative. The EU is not "a young relative of US" and not dependent on the USA in terms of foreign policymaking and therefore it is a conspiracy theory presented without any evidence.

Ukraine's political goal is war with Russia

Ukraine’s political goal remains the same – war with Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine. The international community, including the European Union recognizes and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014. One of the promises the current president of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy made during the election campaign was to raise the question with the guarantors of theBudapest memorandum of supporting Ukraine in an effort to end the war, return the temporarily occupied territories and force Russia to compensate Ukraine for the losses incurred. Zelenskyy thencontinued mentioning the importance of ending the war in Ukraine. Recently he said that Donbas must be rebuilt upon completion of the war.