Disinfo: NATO invaded the Balkans

Summary

After the disappearance of the “Soviet threat” NATO was deprived of its raison d’être, which is why, in 1993, Washington called for either a change in direction, or closure of the organisation. These slogans had a powerful effect and then the Alliance invaded the Balkans under US command.

Disproof

Disinformation message consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about NATO aggression.

Slovenia joined NATO in 2004. Albania and Croatia joined NATO in 2009. Bosnia and Herzegovina joined NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) program. The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro applied to NATO's PfP in June 2003. Montenegro declared independence on 3 June 2006, subsequently joined the PfP, and then NATO itself without Serbia in 2017. The permanent representatives of NATO Member States  signed a protocol on the accession of North Macedonia to NATO on 6 February 2019. The country will become a member of NATO as soon as all Allies have ratified the Accession Protocol.

NATO launched a campaign of air strikes against Serbia beginning on the 24th  of March 1999 to stop Belgrade's crackdown against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo. The primary purpose of the campaign was to end violence and repression and force Milosevic's to withdraw his military, police and para-military forces from Kosovo (see NATO statement from 1999). See more cases about NATO and the Balkans here.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 144
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/04/2019
  • Language/target audience: , , French
  • Country: North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Greece, Croatia, Albania
  • Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement, NATO
  • Outlet: Sputnik French
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Under the leadership of Petro Poroshenko, Kyiv has not advanced in the way of Europe

The State Duma recalled that over the past five years, under the leadership of Petro Poroshenko, Kyiv has not advanced in the way of Europe, but only moved away from Moscow.

 

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Ukraine's lack of progress on its European ambitions.

Ukraine is a priority partner for the European Union, also within the EU's Eastern Partnership. An Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Ukraine, was negotiated between 2007 and 2011 and signed on 21 March and 27 June 2014 under the presidency of Petro Poroshenko. It replaces earlier frameworks for cooperation. The Association Agreement is the main tool for bringing Ukraine and the EU closer together: it promotes deeper political ties, stronger economic links and the respect for common values.

Russia is regarded as an enemy in the plans of NATO

On the eve of the 70th anniversary of the founding of NATO, the Alliance Defence College presented three ways to develop the military bloc. The report includes the “good”, “bad” and “terrible” scenarios, and in each of the forecasts, Russia is considered an enemy.

Disproof

This is a recurring Kremlin narrative about the belligerent West and NATO attempting to encircle and weaken Russia.

According to the research paper "NATO's futures: the Atlantic Alliance between Power and Purpose", where three scenarios of NATO's future are mentioned, Russia is not regarded as the main enemy. Before the description the author explains: "The opening discussion of geopolitics pointed to the key trends we must assess as part of this more circumscribed approach to future history: not least the United States' approach to its modern-day Monroe doctrine but also the ability of all Allies to protect their Alliance into the future where China looms large, their ability to engage Russia in a regional order, and then their ability to contain non-state disruption to the south".

The Polish Church refused to recognise the autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine

The Polish Orthodox Church has confirmed that it does not recognise the autocephaly of the “new church” in Ukraine, the office of the Council of Bishops of the Polish Orthodox Church said.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the autocephaly and Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

In the official communication of the Office of the Council of Bishops of the Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church, it is noted: "The PAKP Bishops' Council, in response to letters on the autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine, unambiguously inform that the Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church was and is for the granting of full independence - the autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine."