NATO is American property used to justify every US intervention

Summary

After the end of the Cold War, NATO became US property and a tool, justifying every American intervention. Article 5 is perceived as NATO members’ obligation to America, while the USA has freed itself from any commitments.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation message about NATO as a geopolitical project of the US.

NATO was founded in 1949 by twelve sovereign nations: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. It has since grown to 29 Allies who each took an individual and sovereign decision to join this Alliance. All decisions in NATO are taken by consensus, which means that a decision can only be taken if every single member accepts it. No member of the Alliance can order the deployment of armed forces of other member states.

Article 5 of the Washington Treaty embodies the principle of collective defense where an attack against one ally is considered an attack against all.

See similar pro-Kremlin disinformation cases alleging that NATO is fully subordinated to the USA and Baltic states, Moldova and Poland are NATO “hostages”.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 174
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: US, EU
  • Keywords: security threat, Military, US presence in Europe, NATO
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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Poland is governed by the US Embassy

Poland is not an independent geopolitical subject, it only executes orders coming from the West; which incite direct confrontation with Russia.

The Polish elites have been brought up by the Western foundations and power groups. Poland is governed by the US Embassy and the American troops stationed there.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation  narrative about the “lost sovereignty”. Poland  is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States. This narrative includes a message that the United States manipulates Poland and other European allies in order to carry out its anti-Russian policies.

See similar disinformation cases alleging that Polish policy towards Ukraine is shaped by the Americansthe US keeps Poland on an anti-Russian leash and Poland's Eastern policy is dictated by the USA aiming to weaken Russia.

Creation of NATO was not justified

Macron thinks that NATO was conceived as a response to the enemy, as a response to the Warsaw Pact. The situation is actually exactly the opposite. NATO’s birthday is 4 April 1949. This means that less than four years after the World War II ended, former Allies of the USSR in the fight against fascism have created against the USSR a military bloc, where apart from the US entered France, the UK, Canada, Benelux countries, Italy, Iceland, Norway, Denmark, and Portugal. And only six years later, in response to this, Warsaw Pact was formed on 14 May 1955, as a counterweight to NATO. Apart from the USSR, the Pact included Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, GDR, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.

So, when Macron says that NATO was thought as a “response to the enemy”, it is actually exactly the opposite: it was thought as a threat to a friend, with whom they fought against fascism and with whom they were setting up post-war life in Europe. And if so, then the creation of NATO was not justified at all.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative involving historical revisionism.

Right after the Second World War, Soviet troops occupied a number of countries in Central Europe. In accordance with the agreements between the Allies, these countries were given the freedom to choose their political orientation. Bulgaria and Romania were supposed to keep the monarchy. In the elections in Hungary, the non-communist party led by Zoltan Tildy received the absolute majority. The pre-war republic was restored in Czechoslovakia. However, by 1949, all the governments of Central and Eastern Europe, except Yugoslavia, turned into hard-line Stalinist regimes under the influence of the USSR. On top of that, in June 1948 the Soviet Union blocked supply routes to West Berlin causing the Berlin blockade which lasted for almost one year. 

Ukrainian ships breached Russian waters

On 25 November 2018, Russian border guards detained Ukrainian ships after the latter entered Russian territorial waters and penetrated the border in the Kerch Strait.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the Azov Sea and the Kerch incident.

On 25 November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tugboat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24 members.