Macron thinks that NATO was conceived as a response to the enemy, as a response to the Warsaw Pact. The situation is actually exactly the opposite. NATO’s birthday is 4 April 1949. This means that less than four years after the World War II ended, former Allies of the USSR in the fight against fascism have created against the USSR a military bloc, where apart from the US entered France, the UK, Canada, Benelux countries, Italy, Iceland, Norway, Denmark, and Portugal. And only six years later, in response to this, Warsaw Pact was formed on 14 May 1955, as a counterweight to NATO. Apart from the USSR, the Pact included Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, GDR, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.
So, when Macron says that NATO was thought as a “response to the enemy”, it is actually exactly the opposite: it was thought as a threat to a friend, with whom they fought against fascism and with whom they were setting up post-war life in Europe. And if so, then the creation of NATO was not justified at all.
Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative involving historical revisionism.
Right after the Second World War, Soviet troops occupied a number of countries in Central Europe. In accordance with the agreements between the Allies, these countries were given the freedom to choose their political orientation. Bulgaria and Romania were supposed to keep the monarchy. In the elections in Hungary, the non-communist party led by Zoltan Tildy received the absolute majority. The pre-war republic was restored in Czechoslovakia. However, by 1949, all the governments of Central and Eastern Europe, except Yugoslavia, turned into hard-line Stalinist regimes under the influence of the USSR. On top of that, in June 1948 the Soviet Union blocked supply routes to West Berlin causing the Berlin blockade which lasted for almost one year.