Disinfo: NATO lies blatantly and expands to the East


The West, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, gave guarantees that NATO would not expand to the east. It was blatantly lying, and today we see it clearly.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about NATO enlargement.

This claim has been debunked numerous times. NATO did not promise not to expand into eastern and central Europe back in 1990, which was confirmed by the former president of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev. Back in 2014, Gorbachev said “The topic of ‘NATO expansion was not discussed at all, and it wasn’t brought up in those years. I say this with full responsibility. Not a single eastern European country raised the issue, not even after the Warsaw Pact ceased to exist in 1991.”

These so-called verbal agreements are a fiction. NATO members never made any political or legally binding commitments not to extend the alliance beyond the borders of reunified Germany.

The claim alleging that NATO promised not to enlarge fundamentally misrepresents the nature of the alliance. NATO, as a defensive alliance, is not “expanding” in the imperialistic sense. Decisions regarding NATO membership are up to each individual applicant and the current 30 NATO allies. Every sovereign state can choose its path and bordering states – in this case Russia – have no right to intervene.

For more debunks of pro-Kremlin myths about Ukraine see here.

See related pro-Kremlin disinformation claims, alleing that At the time of Germany reunification US promised Gorbachev that NATO would not expand eastwards; NATO is luring Ukraine and the Scandinavian countries into the bloc; NATO has double standards when it comes to Russia.


  • Reported in: Issue 270
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/01/2022
  • Article language(s) Arabic
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: USSR
  • Keywords: NATO, EU/NATO enlargement, USSR, Eastern Europe, Encircling Russia
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Disinfo: Kazakhstan’s destabilisation attempts to obstruct EEU membership and China’s new Silk Road

The destabilisation of Kazakhstan from abroad tries to create obstacles to its membership in the Eurasian Economic Union headed by Russia, as well as China’s new Silk Road. Such destabilisation would hit Eurasia in its core, with geopolitical reverberations in Russia, China and all Central Asia, where the embers of the US debacle in Afghanistan persist.


This is part of a wider disinformation campaign to justify the Russian-led intervention of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation in Kazakhstan.

There is no evidence to support claims about any US or foreign intervention behind the unrest in Kazakhstan, and even less evidence that the actual target would be any Russian or Chinese project. Instead, growing evidence points to an ongoing power struggle in the country as a driving cause in the radicalisation and expansion of the protests, which started peacefully after the government lifted price controls on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), in an already volatile context in the country.

Disinfo: The West ordered terrorist attack in Kazakhstan to create hotbed at Russia’s border

Western regimes do not really care about Kazakhstan. One gets the impression that Western clients are not particularly worried about the result of the terrorist attack in Kazakhstan. If it manages to demolish Tokayev's government, it would be great. A new hotbed of brutal nationalism, militarism and poverty will appear in the underbelly of Russia, and soon an American military base will certainly be deployed there.

Not succeeding to undermine Tokayev's government is also not bad [for the West]. The peacekeeping mission of the CSTO countries will make it possible to stir hysteria about "Russian expansion". And in this case, [the West] can pump even more weapons in Ukraine.


A new disinformation claim around the crisis in Kazakhstan. The claim build on a conspiracy logic and is provided with no evidence. The general idea that any civil unrest in an ex-Soviet Union country is a result of a Western plan to destabilise a local regime and colonise a new region is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about "colour revolutions".

The pro-Kremlin media frequently falsely portray popular protests around the world as instigated from abroad, often by the US and the West. The disinformation narrative has been applied, among others, to reports about protests in Georgia, Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Belarus, Venezuela, Slovakia, Hong Kong, with the aim of portraying protest movements as aggressive actors supported by foreign powers who constantly prepare new coups.

Disinfo: Lithuania has nothing to boast about compared to Soviet times

During the Soviet times, Lithuania was a “showcase of communism” and one of the most comfortable countries for the living. Now, when it joined the EU, Lithuania has nothing to boast about.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Lithuania and "decaying" Baltic States.

In this case it aims to portray the alleged weakness of Lithuanian economy compared to the other countries of the EU and even compared to its own Soviet times economy.