Disinfo: Notion of the non-citizens was invented in the Baltic countries to limit the legal rights of the people that live there


It is hard to believe that hundreds of thousands of people have been declared non-citizens in a modern civilised society. Such a category does not even exist – it is not envisaged by international law. There are citizens, people with dual citizenship or without any, but the notion of “non-citizens” has never existed. It was invented in the Baltic countries to limit the legal rights of the people that live there. — This is why we are in dialogue with our partners in the EU in the hope that eventually they will be ashamed that while they pay attention to human rights violations beyond the EU, they allow flagrant violations of human rights on EU territory.

Latvia discriminates Russian-speakers.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on the Baltic countries discriminating the Russian-speaking minority.

The disinformation refers to situation in Latvia.

It is the position of the Republic of Latvia that non-citizens of Latvia are not stateless persons. The special temporary status "former citizens of the USSR without the citizenship of the Republic of Latvia or any other country" was introduced by Latvian authorities following the collapse of the Soviet Union to a group of persons, who had immigrated during the period of Soviet occupation and who lost their USSR citizenship after the dissolution of the Soviet Union but who had never been citizens of the Republic of Latvia or their descendants and were permanently residing in Latvia.

Non-citizens enjoy equal protection under the law both in Latvia and while living or travelling abroad, and are the only group of persons, in addition to citizens, who are granted permanent residence in Latvia ex lege.

Non-citizens are able to become citizens of Latvia through a simple naturalization procedure, and currently more than 142,000 persons have been granted citizenship of the Republic of Latvia in this manner.

The percentage of non-citizens has dropped to 12% (257 377) in July 2015 compared to 29% (approximately 730 000) in 1995. www.mfa.gov.lv/en/policy/society-integration/citizenship-in-latvia/citizenship-policy-in-latvia/basic-facts-about-citizenship-and-language-policy-of-latvia-and-some-sensitive-history-related-issues,

Since 2008, Russia has allowed Latvian and Estonian non-citizens to travel without visa to Russia, which makes not becoming a citizen of Latvia or Estonia a favourable option for some.

Further debunking by the Insider theins.ru/antifake/105518,

Updated 27 November to clarify that "it is the position of the Republic of Latvia that non-citizens of Latvia are not stateless persons".


  • Reported in: Issue 111
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 07/06/2018
  • Language/target audience: Latvian
  • Country: Latvia, Russia, Baltic states
  • Keywords: EU, Human rights, Russian language, Ethnic Russians


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Crimea decided its own fate after the unconstitutional armed coup in Kyiv

Crimea opted to rejoin Russia in 2014 after a popular vote showed overwhelming support for the move. The referendum was arranged after an “unconstitutional armed coup” in Ukraine’s capital Kyiv, and it was the Crimeans themselves who ultimately decided their own fate. “Crimea gained independence through the free will of the Crimeans, expressed in an open referendum, not as a result of an invasion by Russian forces.”


Crimea is part of Ukraine illegally annexed by Russia. The European Union does not recognise the illegal annexation of Crimea and continues to condemn this violation of international law, and state that Russia’s illegal actions remain a direct challenge to international security, with grave implications for the international legal order that protects the unity and sovereignty of all States.

In 2014, the Russian troops forced the parliament of Crimea to organize an illegal referendum and then conducted the annexation of it that has been condemned by the UNGA (see the resolution A/RES/68/262 on the territorial integrity of Ukraine) http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

The European Parliament: there is total unemployment in the EU countries

The European Parliament: there is total unemployment in the EU countries.


Disinforming headline and misleading information. The article does not specify that the European Parliament's research presented the unemployment rates among young people in each EU member state. The original document actually states that in spring 2013, the youth unemployment rate peaked at 23.8 % and then declined sharply. In January 2018,
the rate was at 16.1 % (Eurostat) meaning that 3.64 million young people (under 25) were unemployed in
the European Union (EU). There has thus been a significant improvement in the past few years.
Nevertheless, huge imbalances persist between EU Member States. The lowest rates were observed in the
Czech Republic (5.8 %) and Germany (6.6 %) while the highest were recorded in Greece (43.7 %, November
2017, latest data available), Spain (36.0 %) and Italy (31.5 %).