The EU Association Agreement with Ukraine triggered the coup d’état in Kyiv and the war in Ukraine

Summary

The EU Association Agreement with Ukraine triggered the coup d’état in Kyiv and the war in Ukraine.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the Euromaidan protests, the war in Ukraine and an alleged EU involvement in the events in Ukraine.

There was no coup d’état in Ukraine in 2014. The Euromaidan protests were a spontaneous reaction among large parts of the Ukrainian population, ignited by the decision of former President Yanukovych not to sign the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013.  The Maidan movement resonated with widespread discontent with corruption and mismanagement under Yanukovych’s rule.

It was not the European Union, but Russia, which triggered military conflict in Ukraine.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that "the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation".  This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian government.  The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation."  Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015.

See here for more information about the EU's support for Ukraine.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 152
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 22/05/2019
  • Language/target audience: German
  • Country: Ukraine, EU
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Eastern Partnership, War in Ukraine, Coup, Euromaidan
  • Outlet: Sputnik Deutschland
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US defence companies are restructuring missile defence base in Romania into an offensive base with “Tomahawk” missiles

Defensive position as attack ramp: Are “Tomahawk” missiles already in Romania?

US defence companies are working on expanding their missile defence base in Deveselu, Romania. This allows Washington to station nuclear-capable cruise missiles on European soil.

The start of this work coincides with the withdrawal of the United States from the INF Treaty.

Could it be that the Romanian “Aegis Ashore” is currently being prepared for other missions?  The modernisation work could serve to equip the defensive position in Romania as a launch pad for cruise missiles. In any case, this would correspond to the measures announced by the United States when it withdrew from the INF Treaty. This would mean that, for the first time since the Cold War, “Tomahawk” missiles with a range of 2,500 kilometres would be stationed in Europe.  […]

Equipped with cruise missiles capable of flying 2,500 km, the American “defensive position” in Romania would be a concrete threat to Russian cities.  Moscow must react, must take measures to strengthen national security as a reaction. […]

The Romanian leadership must, […] be aware that the redevelopment of the base in Deveselu makes this region a possible target for a nuclear first strike.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about missile defence systems and the INF Treaty.

The Aegis missile defence system (Aegis Ashore Ballistic Missile Defence System) is not in violation of the INF Treaty. The US State Department issued a detailed rebuttal of Russian allegations of US non-compliance with the INF Treaty in 2018.

The US plans to use Facebook big data analysis for staging colour revolutions in Russia and beyond

The US wants to create an archive of billions of posts made by social media users to do a big data analysis. This will help to identify users in different countries who are critical of their respective Governments, to target these users with specific ads and to get them out on the streets.

There was a similar leak after Mark Zuckerberg’s testimony to the US Congress when Bloomberg discovered a collection of Russian users in its Facebook Ads Manager who were ready to commit treason. Apparently, the US prepares a provocative response.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy theory about the US and social media companies. It is consistent with questioning Russian attempts to interfere in the US elections and with a pro-Kremlin narrative about the West's deliberate plans to organise colour revolutions in Russia and other post-Soviet countries.

The US Navy is indeed seeking to create an archive of at least 350 billion social media posts from around the world, in order to study how people talk online. There is no proof though that the research has political aims as alleged.