Disinfo: Poland is largely responsible for WWII

Summary

The pre-war period is much more complex and ambiguous than presented by Russia’s opponents. The responsibility of Poland and many other European countries for the outbreak of WWII is large. Russia puts this responsibility on the pre-war political elite of Poland. It was the first to sign the non-aggression pact with Hitler in 1934, it tried to impose its friendship with Germany at all cost, it took part in the partition of Czechoslovakia and it enjoyed territorial gains thanks to the Munich Agreement.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism and an attempt to erode the disastrous role of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by the statements that the USSR was forced to sign this pact; that other European countries signed various international agreements with Adolf Hitler, the Munich Agreement triggered WWII and various historical conspiracies saying that Western democracies wanted to inspire a war between Nazism and Communism.

The Munich Agreement (September 30, 1938), indeed, permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland in Western Czechoslovakia. The policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler was heavily criticised in Europe and proved to be a disastrous move. World War II began in Europe one year later, on 1 September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland.

The signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a mutual decision of two totalitarian regimes (Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR) aimed at the division of Eastern and Central Europe between these two powers. It is a proven historical fact that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of WWII.

Read similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning this issue - Signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact thwarted the UK’s expansionist plans in Europe, The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact did not violate the rights of the Polish state, the shift of all blame for WWII outbreak at the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact the best example of manipulation of history.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 183
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 06/02/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Polish
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Russia
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII, Adolf Hitler, Nazi/Fascist
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All information stuffing in Poland is aimed at creating anti-Russian sentiments

The topic of the “Russian threat” is artificially constructed by the Polish authorities for internal and external use. Poland launched an active information attack on Russia. In recent months it has intensified. All information dumps in Poland are aimed at creating anti-Russian sentiments. They are Russophobic in nature. Statements about the “Russian threat” periodically come from Western politicians, but most often from the Baltic countries and Poland.

Disproof

An attempt to depict EU member states as anti-Russian and Russophobic, as well as recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that the “Russian threat” is made up and used for different internal and external reasons, for example, to encircle and weaken Russia. More generally, this disinformation message is also in line with the current disinformation attack on Poland.

“Russophobia” is a manipulative defensive line, often used by Russian propaganda to reduce any criticism of the Russian state to an irrational intolerance towards the Russian people. Outlets such as RT, Sputnik and Russian national state television use the term to explain away almost any foreign criticism of Kremlin policies.

Poland seeks to be the main US outpost in its aggressive policy towards Russia

Poland has difficult relations with the EU countries. For Poland, it is important to have approval primarily from the United States. It is no coincidence that military cooperation between Poland and the United States intensified. Poland seeks to take the position that West Germany took in Europe during the Cold War: the position of the main US outpost in its aggressive policy towards Russia.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on “lost sovereignty”, Russophobia, as well as a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the United States fully controls the foreign policy of Poland.

Poland is often presented by pro-Kremlin outlets as a “puppet-state” of the United States. This narrative includes a message that the United States manipulates Poland and other European allies in order to carry out its anti-Russian policies. The statement that Poland is used by the United States to inspire a conflict with Russia is a conspiracy theory. Poland is a sovereign state, which shapes its own foreign and domestic policies.

Pompeo: Crimea is lost

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said (in Kiev) that Ukraine has lost Crimea and that the world’s major countries understand this. According to Pompeo, Kiev gave Crimea to Russia, from which nothing can be taken.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea.

Pompeo's words were misquoted by the Ukrainian portal "New Time" - "Novoye Vremya", which referred to Emine Dzhaparova, former First Deputy Minister of Information Policy of Ukraine. In the following hours, Emine Dzhaparova, who participated in the meeting as a Crimean Activist, denied any talks about the "lost Crimea" and the reports disseminated in media as unacceptable "media manipulation".