Disinfo: Poland is the second country responsible for starting WWII

Summary

Probably, the Polish deputies decided that with the help of one piece of paper they could change the past and wash off the close military-political union with Hitler. This made the Munich conspiracy to divide Czechoslovakia in 1938 possible, which predetermined the further expansion of the Nazis. So if we talk about the second country which has responsibility for starting Second World War, it is Poland itself.

Disproof

Historical revisionism consistent with recurring disinformation pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Poland and World War II. Poland did not start World War II, it was Nazi Germany, which attacked Poland on 1 September 1939, and Soviet troops entered Polish territory on 17 September. By the early part of 1939, Hitler had become determined to invade and occupy Poland. Secret negotiations between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union led to the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in Moscow on 23-24 August 1939. In a secret protocol of this pact, the Germans and the Soviets agreed that Poland should be divided between them, with the Western part of the country going to Germany and the eastern two-thirds being taken over by the USSR. Read more here. In September 2019 the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the importance of European remembrance and expressed deep concern regarding the efforts of the current Russian leadership to distort historical facts and whitewash crimes committed by the Soviet totalitarian regime. See previous pro-Kremlin disinformation cases alleging that Poland was the initiator of WWII and that Poland was the organiser of WWII and its main culprit.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 179
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 12/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Poland
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII, Adolf Hitler, Nazi/Fascist
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Iran's admission is a result of a trade-off or pressure on Tehran

Experts see contradictions in the [Iranian] version of the downing of the aircraft and suspect that the admission is a result of either a trade-off or pressures on Tehran.

Disproof

A claim, not supported by any documents. Iran has officially admitted the downing a result of a human error and has allowed independent experts access to the crash site.

The United States might have provoked Iran to open fire against a civilian aircraft

The former commander of the surface-to-air defence section of the Russian Air Force does not exclude that an American reconnaissance UAV, sent to Iran after Tehran’s missile attack on US bases in Iraq, was present close to the Ukrainian passenger aircraft.

Disproof

A claim, not supported by any documents. Iran has officially admitted the downing a result of a human error and has allowed independent experts access to the crash site.

The United States has developed a method for downing civilian aircraft

The nose part of the [Russian built] “TOR” 9M330 surface-to-air missile was, according to publications on the Internet, laying almost ideally placed under the aircraft, in full working order and ideally coloured. Any civilian aircraft has transponders, connecting them to the air dispatchers and the military simply cannot know what kind of object is approaching. “This is typical for our comrades the Americans. Since 1978 there have been seven cases of downing of aircraft by American actions. One can see an entire method being designed”.

Disproof

A claim, not supported by any documents. Iran has officially admitted the downing a result of a human error and has allowed independent experts access to the crash site. The claim that US systematically is downing civilian aircraft is merely an unfounded conspiracy theory. There certainly have been tragic cases of military action against civilian aircraft, and at some occasions - by US military. A notable example is the Iran Air flight 655, which was downed by a hit by a SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from a US naval ship. The United States accepted responsibility for the tragedy at a settlement in the International Court of Justice.