Disinfo: Poland is to blame for being attacked by Stalin in 1939


On 17 September 1939, the Red Army crossed the Polish border. By this time Polish troops had already been defeated by the Wehrmacht, while the Polish government fled abroad. Regardless of tensions between Moscow and Warsaw, the Red Army did not advance too deep, stopping at the “Curzon Line”. This ethnic border between Poles, on one side and Ukrainians and Belarusians on the other, was established after the WWI and was supposed to become Eastern border of Poland. But Warsaw, taking advantage of the weakness of Soviet Russia after the civil war, occupied these territories. Despite the commonly accepted myth that Poland fell victim of the collusion of two totalitarian regimes, the main satellite of Nazi Berlin in Eastern Europe was actually Warsaw. Poland was the first to conclude a non-aggression pact with Germans back in 1934. The West also forgets that in 1938 Poland participated in the division of Czechoslovakia together with Hitler. The USSR as a response set an ultimatum that Moscow will annul existing non-aggression agreement. Thus, by crossing Polish borders in 1939, the USSR did not violate the international law of those times, unlike it is often being portrayed.


This is part of Russian efforts of historical revisionism, in order to portray Russia’s role in World War II as a non-aggressive power and Poland as one of the main culprits of the conflict. The accusation that Polish authorities provoked the Soviet army's intervention in Poland in September 1939 is a clear historical manipulation. It is impossible to compare the German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact of 1934 with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The former was a standard international agreement aimed at mutual recognition of borders and a declaration that existing political contradictions would be solved through diplomatic tools. On the other hand, it is a proven historical fact that the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact led to German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in its complete occupation by Germany and the USSR. As for the Curzon Line, Allies indeed proposed after the WWI to establish it as the Polish border. However, it was not accepted by the Soviets and then lost its significance after the Russo-Polish War. As a result, the Treaty of Riga in 1921 established the Polish border east of the Curzon Line. Last, but not least, regardless of the note sent to the Polish government on 23 September 1939, the USSR never actually terminated its non-aggression agreement with Poland. Moreover, a communication from 27 November 1939 informed that the agreement was extended until 1945. Thus, at the time of the Soviet invasion on Poland on 17 September 1939, the agreement was in place and, as follows, the USSR violated international law. Read full debunk by The Insider. Similar cases about alleged Poland's blame can be found here, here and here.


  • Reported in: Issue 165
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: USSR, Germany, Poland
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

see more

G7 countries are either insignificant or not fully sovereign

G7 positions are based on the recognition of US global dominance. Canada and Italy do not have enough weight. US occupational military forces have remained in the territories of Japan and Germany since WWII. Both countries are not fully sovereign. UK and France have a very narrow avenue for taking international decisions beyond the US’s position. Hence, the G7 turned into a group of Soviet-like bureaucrats led by Washington. It has not much to discuss beyond European, American, or Japanese problems. Hence, Trump’s statement to bring Russia back, as discussions about Ukraine, Syria, Iran, North Korea, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, or global energy security are senseless without Moscow.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about Western countries, Germany and Japan in particular, as US vassal states. See other examples of cases presenting different countries under the thumb of the Americans here. Japan is a fully sovereign state recognised by the international community. US military presence in Japan is regulated by the 1954 Mutual Defence Assistance Agreement. The Constitution of Japan forbids the formation of traditional military force. Read more by the Council of Foreign Relations. Germany is an independent and sovereign country and is not dependent on the United States of America in terms of foreign policymaking and therefore it is a conspiracy theory presented without any evidence. Germany and the US have close partner relations of two sovereign and independent countries. For other disinformation cases see: Japan is not fully sovereign, Germany is a vassal of the US; Germany is the executor of US hegemony over Europe; The USA is controlling Europe through occupied Germany.

Poland sympathises with all those willing to fight Russia

Poland is not happy about deeper integration between Belarus and Russia. Poland still hopes to become the leader of New Europe. It follows the concept which puts forward the idea of Polish Prometheus, sympathising with all those willing to fight Russia.


Recurring disinformation message consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about the aggressive West, Poland in particular. "Prometheanism" was an ideological concept introduced by Poland's inter-war ruler Józef Piłsudski based on the idea that any great power would collapse if its ethnic minorities were empowered. Based on this concept, the Promethean League (Prometejska Liga) was established, a semi-clandestine network that envisioned cooperation between a group of nations fighting the Soviet Union. Bringing up this concept in order to portray Poland's present-time foreign policy as identical to those of inter-war Poland is a manipulation. EUvsDisinfo database has record of previous attempts by pro-Kremlin outlets to discredit the current Polish political system by drawing analogues with the regime of Józef Piłsudski. See earlier disinformation cases alleging that Poland pursues aggressive regional project Intermarium, that Poland plans to take over Minsk after extensive subversive activities in Belarus, and that the Polish authorities and population dream of taking over most of Belarus' territory.  

The task of the European Defence Agency is to maintain NATO’s war against Russia

The real task of the European Defence Agency is to maintain the EU’s geopolitical interest on the continent being a part of NATO’s strategy in its war against Russia.


Recurrent disinformation narrative about Western anti-Russian activities, and generally about Western belligerence. Neither NATO nor the EU nor the European Defence Agency have aggressive intentions towards Russia or any other country. As stated by NATO heads of state and government at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016, "the Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia. But we cannot and will not compromise on the principles on which our Alliance and security in Europe and North America rest". More on the mission of the European Defence Agency here.