Disinfo: Poland creates and promotes its historical myths in an active and aggressive way


Today, Poland actively and aggressively promotes its vision of history and the post-Yalta world order. Most probably, there is no such country in the EU, which creates and implements its historical policy and historical myths in such a way as Poland.


This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses Poland in “falsification and re-writing” of its history. According to this policy, the Russian official historiography is the only “true” way of interpretation of historical events for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.

The Polish historical policy is based on objective historical facts, shared by the predominant majority of mainstream historians.

First of all, it is an undeniable historical fact that both Nazi Germany and the Stalinist USSR were harsh totalitarian regimes, which directly caused the deaths of tens of millions of people. Secondly, these two regimes are mutually responsible for the outbreak of WWII. It is a fact that the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact enabled the German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in the occupation of this country by Germany and USSR, triggering the beginning of WWII.

In 1944-1945 the USSR occupied Poland, establishing the undemocratic and repressive Communist Poland. Poland was kept under the Soviet sphere of influence until 1989.

See similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning this Poland - Signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact thwarted the UK’s expansionist plans in Europe, The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact did not violate the rights of the Polish state, The shift of all blame for WWII outbreak at the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact the best example of manipulation of history.


  • Reported in: Issue 185
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 21/02/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Poland
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII


Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Ukraine does not implement the Minsk agreements because it is controlled by the West

One of the main obstacles to the Minsk agreements is “Kyiv’s unwillingness to engage in normal dialogue with Donetsk and Luhansk. This obligation is obviously not being met, although this is one of the main conditions of the Minsk package”. (…) From Kyiv, in statements by deputies close to the President, it was repeatedly heard that the army should be ready to use force, if necessary, to reclaim the Donbas areas. In other words, the military aspect is also visible, although the Normandy format was originally planned as an opportunity to solve the problems in south-eastern Ukraine in a peaceful way. Kyiv’s aim is to reorientate, to rebuild the whole system of the Minsk agreement.

Following the visit of US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Kyiv, the rhetoric on the Ukrainian side has changed dramatically, which has led to a worsening of the situation in the Donbas. Ukraine is a controlled country, and for the United States, the worsening of relations between Ukraine and Russia is now more important than the peaceful settlement in Ukraine. (…) Ukraine is not a fully sovereign state. Therefore, it must be understood that the current situation is not being led by Ukraine itself, not by its people, but by the forces in Europe and the US, which are behind the current Ukrainian leadership and are using Ukraine for their own purposes.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative that Ukraine refuses to implement the Minsk agreements, undermining the statehood of Ukraine and alleging that Ukraine is a state under foreign control.

Since 2014, negotiations with Russia to resolve the conflict in the Donbas have been held within the framework of the Normandy Format and the Minsk process. A special Trilateral contact group is working on a peaceful settlement of the situation in Donbas. Three parties are involved in this process: representatives of Ukraine, Russia and the OSCE. Unofficially, representatives of the so-called "LDNR" factions are also present. Ukraine is not the only party to the conflict in the Donbas. In 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine.

Two top US officials say there is no prospect of returning Crimea to Ukraine

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and US National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien said there is no historical prospect of Crimea returning to Ukraine.


This statement has no evidence. See a similar case that the US recognised Crimea as Russian.

This disinformation case spread in the context of a visit by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Ukraine. In addition to official meetings, he held informal meetings with Ukrainian activists. During a meeting with Crimean representatives, the former deputy head of the Ministry of Information Policy of Ukraine, the representative of the Crimean Tatar people Emine Dzheppar, asked the White House to keep annexed Crimea insight of US foreign policy and categorically denies that Pompeo said anything about the impossibility of returning Crimea to Ukraine.

PACE is rude to Russia

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has a boorish and politicised approach to Russia. The one who wrote the PACE resolution [No. 2325] is a liar. PACE documents are superficial, one-sided and politicised. Russia is not a party to the Minsk agreements, is not guilty of the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 and Crimea chose to be reunited with Russia.


Russian officials were angered by PACE Resolution No. 2325, which concerns countries under the control of the Parliamentary Assembly. Among other things, the document contains criticisms of Russia's anti-democratic actions both domestically and in relation to other countries. The resolution says that “Russia is reinforcing the negative tendencies of democracy, the rule of law and human rights”, continues to establish “borders” and carries out the “creeping annexation of the Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia”, and also continues the “illegal annexation of Crimea and military aggression in the east of Ukraine.”

In addition, the document contains a number of requirements for Russia: “to reverse its illegal annexation of Crimea”. Also, among the PACE requirements for Russia, there are clauses on “fully implementing the Minsk agreements to which the Russian Federation is a party and to end its military intervention in, and support for, illegally armed formations in Eastern Ukraine” and “unconditionally and fully co-operate with the joint investigation team and the Dutch prosecution service in bringing those responsible for the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 to justice.”