Disinfo: Poland responsible for outbreak of WWII

Summary

Poland may not be the co-author of the aggression which broke in 1939, but it played an important supporting role in unleashing it. Had it not been for for Poland’s actions in the run-up to the Second World War, particularly after the Munich conference, the war may well have been avoided.

Disproof

The claim fits in with the Kremlin's pseudohistorical messaging on the causes of the Second World War, particuarly on the responsibility which Poland supposedly bears for unleashing the conflict.

The outbreak of the war, according to overwhelming academic consensus, is directly traceable to the Nazi-Soviet pact of August 1939. The agreement contained a secret protocol which entitled Nazi Germany and the USSR to their respective spheres of influence in Europe. Within weeks of concluding the pact, the Third Reich and the Soviet Union implemented its secret provisions by invading Poland.

Read similar examples of Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland - Poland posed a military threat to the USSR in 1938-1939, Nazi Germany considered Poland its best allyIf Poland realised a rational policy in 1939, Moscow would have had a different approach towards it and Poland re-writes the history of the Warsaw uprising accusing the USSR of its failure.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 202
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 20/06/2020
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: USSR, Poland
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWII, Vladimir Putin
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US agents attempt to overthrow Lukashenka along the Ukrainian scenario

Over the past years, American special bodies have introduced their agents in the Belarusian governing institutions and use them to overthrow Alyaksandr Lukashenka along the Ukrainian scenario and capture the state power. US agents attempt to manipulate Lukashenka to bring discord in his relations with Russia. The Belarusian authorities should talk less about alleged covert Russian actions and rather expose and arrest US agents.

Disproof

This is a conspiracy consistent with a recurring pro-Kremlin propaganda narrative about the West's attempts to disrupt Belarus-Russia relations through various actions, this time with the use of secret agents among high-ranking officials. No proof whatsoever is given to support this claim.

The article implicitly claims that the West overthrew former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovich, which supports another propaganda narrative about the Western-staged coup d'état in Ukraine. In fact, the spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction from several segments of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013, after pressure from Russia. See the full debunk - The Western-backed coup in Ukraine has torn the country asunder.

One day Belarus will become part of Russia, Poland and the Baltic countries will follow

One Sunday morning, Belarus will wake up to learn that it has become a part of Russia. Most probably this will happen without a single shot. Poland and the Baltic states will be next in line.

Disproof

This case is an illustrative example of Russian expansionism towards Belarus, Poland and the Baltic states, an extreme variation of recurring pro-Kremlin propaganda narrative about Belarus as an integral part of the Russian world. The latter is based on the concept of all-Russian civilisation, an imperial Russian and Russian irredentist ideology that is a favoured pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at weakening the national identity of Belarusians as well as Ukrainians.

This is an example of recurring pro-Kremlin propagandistic narratives about Belarus and Ukraine as an integral part of the Russian worldfascist and imperial WestUkraine as a non-sovereign country, and that Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine are three Russian political nations.

Crimea reunited with Russia following the referendum held on the peninsula

Crimea reunited with Russia following the referendum held on the peninsula

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea. No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on 27th of February and held less than three weeks later.

On March 27th, 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which it stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. The often cited figure of 97% has been contested by the Kremlin’s own Human Rights Council, which estimated that only between 30% and 50% of Crimeans took part in the referendum, of which some 50-60% favoured secession.