Disinfo: Poland started the Polish-Soviet War, taking Western Belarus and Western Ukraine away from Russia

Summary

The Polish-Soviet war, unleashed by the Government of Jozef Pilsudski, caused about 140.000 casualties and ended with the Treaty of Riga, predatory for Soviet Russia. According to this peace treaty, Western Belarus and Western Ukraine were cut off from Russia. The regain of these territories was possible only in September 1939.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it presents Bolshevik Russia as a peaceful state and promotes the Russian imperialist idea that Belarus and Ukraine “naturally” belong to Russia. In addition, this message creates ideological reasoning for the Soviet attack on Poland in September 1939 which was secretly provided for in the infamous Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact - see below.

After the collapse of the Russian Empire and the outbreak of the Russian Civil War in 1917, a number of countries proclaimed their independence in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Middle Asia. These territories had been captured by the Russian Empire throughout the XVIII-XIX centuries, so they decided to restore their statehood after the disappearance of the Empire. For example, read more about the newborn Ukrainian and Belarusian People’s Republics.

During the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922, the Bolsheviks fought with numerous alternative Russian political forces – a large part of the Russian population did not perceive them as any legitimate authority; also, the Bolsheviks were internationally unrecognized. In this situation, the claim that the territory of Belarus and Ukraine naturally “belonged” to Bolshevik Russia is a manifestation of Russian imperialism. The Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1920 started in February 1919, immediately after the end of WWI. As a result of the Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919, the Bolshevik troops tried to advance as deep as possible into the territory of the former Western regions of the collapsed Russian Empire. In February 1919, the advancing Bolshevik forces entered into clashes with the units of the Polish Army. The statement that the Government of Pilsudski initiated this war is a historical manipulation.

Read similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland - It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a countryNazi Germany considered Poland its best allyUSSR was forced and reluctant to sign Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and the Polish legions of Pilsudski organized the Volyn tragedy.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 236
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 16/03/2021
  • Article language(s) Polish
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Poland, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Historical revisionism, WWI, WWII, Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, USSR, Imperialism/colonialism, Russian expansionism, Anti-Russian, Military
see more

The West needs cases like Navalny to fill its information wars

The main obsession of European leaders has been to get Russia to pay a price for the luxury of living its own style, without consulting anyone. It is clear that if the West invests millions in information wars, it needs concrete cases to cover, to try to pit the public opinion against Russia. According to this approach, the Navalny case fills all the requirements. This is not a struggle for democracy or human rights, but a global power struggle. And it is clear that the EU will never be its main beneficiary, since its role is being reduced to be a mere instrument of the US global policy.

Disproof

This is a mix of several recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the West waging information wars in order to destabilise Russia, about the case of Alexei Navalny as a fabrication, and about Europe as a vassal of the US.

All the claims are false. “Information war” is a term used by the Kremlin to justify its own disinformation efforts, applied to anything that challenges its disinformation narratives or for calling out Russia’s illicit behaviour in the international stage. By claiming that the Navalny case “fills the requirement of an information war against Russia” and that it has nothing to do with democracy or human rights but with a global power struggle, this narrative aims to deflect any Russian responsibility for Alexei Navalny’s poisoning, his incarceration on politically motivated charges and the repression of demonstrations in his support.

The West encouraged the creation of the Islamic State, who are its mercenaries

The West wants to be the standard bearer of freedom and democracy, but they are the same people who encouraged the creation of ISIS. The US created the monster of the Islamic State, which was neither Islamic nor a State but a group of mercenaries led by the West.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the West’s alleged support for terrorism in the Middle East.

The claim that the West created the Islamic State is false. In fact, both the US and most EU members, as well as Canada and Australia, have taken part in the counter-terrorism mission Operation Inherent Resolve, while the EU established its own set of actions to counter Daesh.

Joe Biden will use US allies as tools or useful idiots

The National Security Strategic Guidance released by the Biden Administration wants to attract the faithful to go against China and Russia, to attract vassals disguised as allies. Many rubbed their hands with the arrival of Biden, but at the end there will be only one winner, the US, while its allies will be used as useful idiots: they will be only subjects or tools. Once it defeats its enemies, the US will prevail over its friends and the looting will go to the strongest because benefits are not shared.

Disproof

Recurrent pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative against the US and its allies, aiming to sow mistrust among members of the Transatlantic alliance and among the US and its partners all over the world. This disinformation piece is a direct reaction to the release of the US Interim National Security Strategic Guidance on March 3, 2021, which strongly focuses on reinforcing these alliances, a core goal of the Biden Administration. Contrary to the claim, the US doesn’t rule over these other governments, which are sovereign nations with their own policies and interests.

See other examples in our database, such as claims that Ukraine is ruled by Poles and Americans, that France is a puppet of the US, that Germany and Japan are occupied by the US, that Europe is a colony of the United States or that Georgia is under Western control.