Disinfo: Poland wants to use Ukraine for an image attack at Russia

Summary

The ruling Polish authorities want to use the Ukrainians for an image attack against present-day Russia. Now, we have the next announcement of Poland that it wants to continue the aggressive campaign of historical reinterpretations. On the anniversary of the Auschwitz liberation, President Duda offered to the Ukrainian President to organise the joint celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Warsaw and to honour the memory of Symon Petliura.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – it accuses Poland of “falsification and re-writing” of its history. According to this policy, the Russian official historiography is the only “true” way of interpretation of historical events for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.

The Polish initiative of the joint celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Warsaw is aimed at the commemoration of the Polish-Ukrainian efforts to stop the spread of Bolshevism in the region and protect its peoples from the Bolshevik terror and oppression.

The Battle of Warsaw took place in August 1920 – it was a decisive battle of the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1921. This battle is often referred to in history as the “miracle on the Vistula” as the Polish troops defeated much larger forces of the Bolshevik Russia.

In April 1920, Poland and the Ukrainian People’s Republic led by Symon Petliura formed a military alliance against the Bolshevik Russia, starting the joint Kyiv offensive aimed at pushing the Bolshevik forces out of Ukraine and improvement of the military positions of Poland in its war with Soviet Russia.

Read similar examples of the Russian historical revisionism concerning Poland - It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a country, Nazi Germany considered Poland its best ally, USSR was forced and reluctant to sign Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and the Polish legions of Pilsudski organized the Volyn tragedy.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue182
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/01/2020
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine, Poland
  • Keywords: WWI, USSR, Red Army, Anti-Russian, Historical revisionism, Russophobia

Disclaimer

Cases in the EUvsDisinfo database focus on messages in the international information space that are identified as providing a partial, distorted, or false depiction of reality and spread key pro-Kremlin messages. This does not necessarily imply, however, that a given outlet is linked to the Kremlin or editorially pro-Kremlin, or that it has intentionally sought to disinform. EUvsDisinfo publications do not represent an official EU position, as the information and opinions expressed are based on media reporting and analysis of the East Stratcom Task Force.

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Warsaw was liberated by the Polish People’s Army, which was a Polish national formation

The Polish capital, destroyed by the Germans, was liberated by the Polish units. The Polish People’s Army was a Polish national formation. It is true that part of its officers was replaced by the Red Army officers with the necessary experience, but the operational documents of this formation were issued in the Polish language.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – since 1944, the Soviet Union presented the “puppet” Polish Communist authorities and the USSR-controlled Polish People’s Army as independent and legitimate institutions representing the Polish nation.

In 1943-1944, the Soviet authorities established the so-called “Polish Army” or the Polish People’s Army, which was formally subordinated to the USSR-controlled Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN). This step was a part of the Soviet political and propaganda strategy aimed at taking over national symbols and institutions associated with the independent Polish state. The establishment of the USSR-controlled Communist Government of Poland and the Polish People’s Army was used by the Soviet authorities for construction of a totalitarian Communist state in Poland in the after-war years.

Poland did not invite President Putin for the commemorations of the 75th Anniversary of the Auschwitz liberation

Poland did not invite Vladimir Putin for the commemorations of the 75th Anniversary of the Auschwitz-Birkenau liberation.

Disproof

This message is part of the ongoing Russian information attack against Poland, promoting false historical narratives such as the alleged responsibility of Poland for WWII and the Holocaust.

According to the statement of Krzysztof Szczerski, Chief of the Cabinet of the Polish President, the invitations for the Auschwitz commemoration events were issued by the Auschwitz Museum, not by the Polish authorities. The Governments of each invited country (including Russia) decide on what political level they will be represented during the event.

There is no freedom of speech in Estonia, but an absolute censorship

Total chaos is happening in Estonia. There is no freedom of speech in this European country. There is absolute censorship, although it is banned in Estonia. Authorities do not react to the situation. At the same time, a significant part of Sputnik Estonia employees are citizens of this country.

Disproof

This claim tries to show sanctions against Russia, due to its illegal actions in Ukraine, as unfair persecution against Sputnik and its employees, and against media freedom in general.

Estonia is on the 11th place of Reporters without Borders Press freedom index. Regarding censorship, Estonia has not blocked Sputnik Estonia's website and it is accessible. The Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Reinsalu has emphasized that Estonia has not taken any measures against the portal's media content: "They are financial sanctions aimed at economic activity. I believe it to be justified. We have notified the European Commission's Legal Service. European agencies have said in the Commission that steps taken by Estonia in exercising sanctions policy are warranted."