Disinfo: Polish policy towards Ukraine is shaped by the Americans

Summary

The new Ukrainian President will not be as submissive towards the United States as President Poroshenko, so the US-Ukraine relations may deteriorate. This situation will cause the automatic worsening of the Polish-Ukrainian relations once Polish authorities realise the American policy towards Ukraine. Thus, relations between Poland and Ukraine will deteriorate not because of historical issues, but because of the complete dependency of Polish foreign policy on the United States.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the United States is using EU countries to achieve its geopolitical goals and that the EU elites are controlled by America – see examples here and here.

The statement that the United States controls the European and Polish elites is a conspiracy theory. Poland is a sovereign state, which shapes its own foreign and domestic policies - moreover, being a member of NATO and the EU, Poland is able to impact the formation of common foreign policies of these unions. See other examples of disinformation about Polish-American relations here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 153
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 05/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Poland, US, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Secret elites / global elites, Conspiracy theory
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Incident in the Kerch Strait was a Ukrainian provocation

Petro Poroshenko deliberately provoked incident in the Kerch Strait in order to impose martial law and to cancel the presidential election. Experts say that there is every reason to prosecute Poroshenko, but doubt that the case will be brought to an end.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on Ukraine and Azov Sea that Ukrainian Navy deliberately violated Russian territorial waters during the Kerch strait incident, or that Petro Poroshenko instigated the provocation in Kerch Strait to extend his power. On November 25, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters. However, a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004 governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov. The agreement states the stretch to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine. On May 25, 2019, the United Nations Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ordered Russia to immediately release Ukrainian sailors and allow them to return to Ukraine.

Ukraine is losing on the free trade agreement with the EU

Direct losses for Ukraine from the free trade agreement with the EU total around $80 bln over 5 years. The amount of indirect losses is about 2 times higher. In addition, Ukraine’s GDP has significantly decreased.

Disproof

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on Ukraine and its relations with the European Union. In June 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed an Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), which promotes deeper political ties, stronger economic links and the respect for common values. See here for more details about EU-Ukraine relations. The Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicates positive trends in the trade relations between Ukraine and the EU, with the volume of trade in services between Ukraine and the EU in 2018 increasing by 17%. The Ukrainian Statistical Service informs that the EU accounts for 43% of Ukrainian exports. In 2017, Ukraine exported 17.5 bln USD worth of goods to the EU. The negative trade balance decreased from 10 bln USD to 3 bln USD. See here for further information about the DCFTA and the cooperation between the EU and Ukraine.

NATO will divide Western Ukraine

Western regions of Ukraine will be divided between NATO countries. Poland and Hungary would be able to take care of these lands. The anti-Russian front will be expanded this way.

Disproof

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative, challenging Ukraine's statehood and portraying Poland as having imperialist ambitions. Ukraine is a sovereign state, one of the founding members of the United Nations, a strategic partner for NATO and the EU. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by most of the free world but were violated by Russia in 2014. To NATO, a sovereign, independent and stable Ukraine, firmly committed to democracy and the rule of law, is the key to Euro-Atlantic security. More details on the cooperation between Ukraine and NATO could be found here.