Prisoner swap between Russia and Ukraine confirms that there is a civil war in Ukraine

Summary

Ukraine is releasing to Russia mainly Ukrainian citizens from East Ukraine, which means that Kiyv should not be offended by those who call events in Ukraine civil war. De facto this is the case, we [Russia] are receiving  participants of the civil war. The prisoner swap legally confirms that.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, casting it as a civil war. See more examples here.

The prisoner swap is not a "proof" of civil war in Ukraine. The international community, including the European Union recognizes and condemns clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014. 

While the European Union noted that the prisoner swap brought back home Oleg Sentsov, Pavlo Hryb, Edem Bekirov, the 24 captured Ukrainian sailors and others whose release the EU has called for so many times, it has not changed its position. In fact the President of the European Council has urged Russia to release all political prisoners and respect Ukraine’s territorial integrity. 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 163
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 06/09/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Civil war, War in Ukraine
  • Outlet: Itogi Nedeli @ NTV (1:10 - 1:26)
see more

The USSR signed the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact with Nazi Germany due to Poland’s aggressive foreign policy

Historical documents newly released by Russia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs show that the Soviet Union decided to sign the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact with Nazi Germany for two reasons: the aggressive foreign policy of Poland, which prevented a Soviet alliance with France and the United Kingdom, and fears of an eventual Polish-German military alliance that would pose a really serious threat to the USSR.

Disproof

No documentary evidence is provided to support the affirmation and no dates are given to allow even the most superficial background check. This is part of Russian efforts of historical revisionism, in order to portray Russia’s role in World War II as a non-aggressive power and Poland as one of the main culprits of the conflict.

In terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, it is a proven historical fact that it contained the Secret Supplementary Protocol, which assumed the division of Poland and other Eastern European countries between the USSR and Germany. Thus, the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact led to German and Soviet military aggression against Poland in September 1939, which resulted in its complete occupation by Germany and the USSR.

JIT ignored evidence supplied by Russia in MH17 probe

The Dutch-led Joint Investigation Team (JIT), which does not include Russia, despite the latter’s willingness to provide valuable data regarding the incident including radar readings, has ignored crucial evidence supplied by Moscow.

Disproof

The report advances recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the MH17 crash.

First of all, Russia's interest in aiding the JIT investigation is not a relevant condition of its membership in JIT. The crash did not take place over Russian territory and claimed no Russian lives, which precludes any basis for Moscow to be represented in the JIT. Dutch Chief Prosecutor Fred Westerbeke told a Russian newspaper that "if MH17 were shot down over Russia, I would have suggested that Russia be made a member of the JIT group."