Red Army entering Poland did not plan to seize this country

Summary

When the Red Army was entering Poland, there was no talk about the seizing of Poland by the USSR after the end of WWII. This situation was changed only at the conferences of the Big Three (USSR, USA, UK) at Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. It was Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill who took decisions on the post-war order – the Red Army soldiers did not decide that Poland should be in the sphere of Soviet interests. We cannot say that the soldiers fallen in the fight with Hitler died in order to establish Communism in Poland. The refusal to accept the fact that the Red Army soldiers liberated Poland from the German occupation is the denial of history, which is immoral.

Disproof

This message is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism – Russia keeps denying the fact of military and political occupation of Poland by the USSR at the end of WWII (switching the responsibility for this situation on Roosevelt and Churchill).

The claim that the Soviet authorities did not plan to occupy Poland in the moment of the Red Army’s entering into this country goes against historical facts. First of all, immediately after the entering of the Red Army on the present-day territory of Poland (July 1944), the Soviet authorities established the so-called Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN), which was formed of Polish communists and appeared under full control of the USSR. In December 1944, this Committee was turned into the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland, which started to be perceived by the USSR as legitimate Polish authorities since January 1945. In this way, at the very beginning of Red Army’s entrance to Poland, the USSR established its own “puppet” authorities, which became the Government of Communist Poland.

During the Tehran Conference in November-December 1943, there was no talk about the post-war political fate of Poland – the USSR, UK, and US discussed only the changes in the eastern and western borders of post-war Poland.

By the beginning of the Yalta Conference (February 1945), the USSR had control over a significant part of Polish territory, including Warsaw. Also, it had formally recognized its “puppet” Provisional Government as the legitimate Polish authorities. In this situation, the USSR presented their control over Poland to the Western allies as an accomplished fact. The USSR obliged to organize free elections in Poland after the end of WWII, but this obligation was never realized. De facto, Poland appeared under the Soviet military occupation until 1989.

See other examples referring to the Soviet occupation of Poland - It is thanks to Russia that Poland today exists as a country and the Red Army liberated Poland and preserved the country’s economic power.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 175
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, US, UK, Poland
  • Keywords: USSR, Red Army, Historical revisionism, WWII
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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Disproof

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Disproof

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Disproof

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