Relations between Russia and the West deteriorated due to civil war in Ukraine

Summary

The formal reason for the sharp deterioration in relations between Russia and the West was the situation around Ukraine, where, after the 2014 coup, a civil war broke out. Kyiv has repeatedly accused Moscow of allegedly participating in a conflict in the east of the country. However, the Russian Federation has consistently emphasised the groundlessness of such rhetoric, since Russia is not a subject, but a guarantor of the Minsk agreements, the task of which is to resolve the conflict in the Donbas.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, and Euromaidan protests. It was not Ukraine, but Russia which illegally annexed Crimea and continues violating Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity. This led to sanctions and a deterioration in relations between Russia and other countries.

The onset of the Euromaidan protests which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were  a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence. See some more recent debunks of this claim here and here. See a similar case denying Russia’s involvement in the conflict in Eastern Ukraine here.

The EU and the US have condemned the clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 167
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 02/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, The West, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Civil war, War in Ukraine, Coup
  • Outlet: RT Russian
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NATO is pursuing a real war-preparation policy for Europe

The USA is increasingly expanding its military presence in Eastern Europe. It is a continuation and strengthening of the policy of confrontation with Russia, which has absolutely determined NATO policy for the last fifteen years. It is another step in the wrong direction – more troops, more military bases; more weapons on the border with Russia do not secure peace, but the opposite. They only show that NATO is actually pursuing a real war preparation policy, not a common security policy for Europe.

Disproof

No evidence given that the US and NATO started to prepare for war with Russia. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative, portraying NATO as a threat to peace and having a belligerent agenda in Eastern Europe.

NATO policies introduced after the 2014 Ukraine crisis, aimed at reinforcing NATO’s Eastern flank and reassuring Central and Eastern European allies worried about possible threats from Russia, do not threaten global security. Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea and amid emerging security challenges in the Middle East and North Africa in 2014, NATO leaders at the Wales Summit adopted the Readiness Action Plan, a comprehensive package of enhanced collective defence and deterrent measures designed to ensure the transatlantic alliance could respond swiftly and firmly to changes in its security environment.

German tank desecrated Jewish cemetery in Kaunas

A German NATO tank desecrated Jewish cemetery in Kaunas.

Disproof

Such incident did not take place.

The disinformation message appeared in an online blog and contained doctored images, supposedly portraying a German NATO tank in the cemetery. The disinformation message was promptly debunked by the Lithuanian media and the representatives of Lithuanian Jewish community. Read more about the informational attack here (in Lithuanian).

The European Parliament represents Third Reich

Those gathered in the European Parliament represent the countries of the Third Reich. For them, Hitler was never a negative character.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the European Parliament and about Nazis in the EU.

The disinformation message appeared after the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe and voiced its concern "at the efforts of the current Russian leadership to whitewash crimes committed by the Soviet totalitarian regime". The resolution clearly condemns Nazism: