Reunification of Russia and Crimea resembles the unification of Germany

Summary

The reunification of Crimea with Russia is the same as the reunification of West and East Germany.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Crimea being a part of Russia.

Crimea was illegally annexed by Russia in 2014 after an unrecognised referendum. The United Nations did not recognise the annexation. In March 2014, the UN General Assembly voted in favour of a resolution affirming the “territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders.” The UN resolution also "underscores that the referendum having no validity” and calls upon all States and international organisations not to recognise or to imply the recognition of Russia's annexation. In 2016, UN General Assembly reaffirmed non-recognition of the annexation and condemned “the temporary occupation of part of the territory of Ukraine—the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol.” The UN recognised that Russia is an occupying power in Crimea.

NATO and the EU also did not recognise the annexation. The European Union strongly condemns annexation of Crimea as violating international law principles, enshrined in the UN Charter, namely that the territory of a State cannot be acquired by another State resulting from the threat or use of force. Russia’s actions also violated the Helsinki Final Act which calls on the States to recognise inviolability of frontiers and territorial integrity.

Unlike the reunification of Germany, by annexing Crimea Russia violated Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity. Its actions violate the UN Charter, the Belavezha Accords, the Helsinki Accords, the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances and the Treaty on friendship, cooperation and partnership between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. The Budapest Memorandum clearly states that Russia guarantees Ukrainian sovereignty, territorial integrity and recognises Crimea as an inherent part of Ukraine. These guarantees were further stated in the 1997 Friendship Treaty.

By signing the Budapest Memorandum in 1994, Russia together with the United States and the United Kingdom reaffirmed their obligation to refrain from the use of force against the territorial integrity of political independence of Ukraine.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 141
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 14/03/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, illegal annexation, Russian expansionism, Ukrainian disintegration, Crimea, Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: Utro.ru
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The arrival of French delegation to the Crimea is another confirmation of its legitimacy

A delegation of French politicians headed by Thierry Mariani arrived in Crimea, the first foreign delegation to participate in the upcoming celebrations. The arrival of such a high delegation is another confirmation of the legitimacy of the choice of the Crimean people, made five years ago.

Disproof

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine has strongly condemned the visit of a group of French politicians to the Russian-occupied Crimea. It also notes that trips of foreign politicians to the Crimea do not have official status. The Ukrainian Foreign Policy Office issued an appeal in July 2016 in which it warned foreign citizens and stateless persons from illegal travel to the Crimea.

President Emmanuel Macron has also repeatedly confirmed that France refuses to recognise Russia's annexation of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea. Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, François Delatra, underlines that Russia, in an unobtrusive way, violates the principles and objectives of the United Nations.

The Donbas republics are free and independent

The Donbas republics are free and independent. They are free to decide and choose their own political direction.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the independence of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LPR).

The so-called People's republics receive humanitarian, financial and military backing from Russia. A Ukrainian hacker group called “Cyber Hunta” released a cache of emails linked to the Kremlin aide — Vladislav Surkov. The so-called "Surkov Leaks" show a list of candidates for the government of the Donetsk People’s Republic, including the Speaker of the People’s Soviet (Pushilin), Ministry of Defense (Igor “Strelkov” Girkin), and other key officials with remarks “checked by us” and “especially recommended”. Surkov's emails also contain a DPR expense list, include proposals for Ukrainian locals to conduct cyber-attacks and email hacks for $100-$300 or “troll opponents” on social media and gather personal data of Kharkiv citizens for $130-$500. The authenticity of the leaked emails was confirmed.

The EU has fabricated facts about a chemical attack in Syria and prohibits differing points of view

The European Union wants to ban the spread of alternative points of view about what is happening in Syria. In the EU, they continue to insist that it was a chemical attack in the Syrian city of Douma, in April 2018. The EU has presented no hard evidence about the attack and Western countries have fabricated evidence.

Syria has no stockpiles of chemical weapons.

Disproof

The United States and the European Union have provided very strong evidence of the use of prohibited weapons in Syria. However, Russia categorically denies the use of toxic substances during an air raid on the Syrian city of Douma on the periphery of Damascus, which provoked a whole information war on the part of the Russian media. European analysts emphasise in their new report that Russia does not provide any counter-arguments or evidence, but it casts doubt on all the evidence of the European Union and the United States.

According to the French Foreign Ministry, Syria has hidden some of its reserves and capacities from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. After the chemical attack in April 2017, chemical weapons have already been used 44 times in Syria; in 11 cases, the French secret services managed to obtain evidence confirming these suspicions.