Rumours about Russian military presence in Donbas come from linguistic misunderstanding

Summary

When rural men from Western Ukraine were sent by the Ukrainian authorities to Donbas to take part in a military operation, they found themselves in a completely different territory with Russian as a dominant language. Hence most of them really believed that they fight with Russians, i.e. with Russia. Moreover, in contrast to Russian language with different words for the Russian language (‘Russkiy’) and for the concepts that have relation to Russia (‘rossiyskiy’), in Ukrainian the same word ‘rosiys’kyy’ is used. Hence it followed for the military men from Western Ukraine that Russian speakers are Russians. As a result, until nowadays many believe that Russian soldiers are present in Donbas.

Disproof

This narrative claims the war in Ukraine is a civil war and Russia has nothing to do with it. In reality this message is a conspiracy consistent with common pro-Kremlin disinformation about the war in Ukraine. It disregards a multitude of factual evidence of Russian military presence in Donbas. Consult the evidence database and publications with further evidence here and here.

It was Russia that provoked a war in Ukraine, and it is not a civil war.

The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government.

The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation".

At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014, NATO leaders condemned in the strongest terms Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and demanded that Russia stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and along the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded that Russia comply with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; end its illegitimate occupation of Crimea; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border.

According to the US Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Russian special forces and troops operated to mobilize, lead, equip, and support separatist militias in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine from spring 2014 to the present, although their presence was denied by Moscow.

Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 154
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 12/05/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Russian language, Donbas, Conspiracy
  • Outlet: Fond Strategicheckoy Kultury
see more

A coup d’état occurred in Ukraine in 2013-2014

A coup d’état took place in Kyiv in 2013-2014, supported by the West.

Disproof

There was no coup d’état in Ukraine in 2014, this is a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the Euromaidan protests.

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was an organic reaction by numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk of this disinformation claim here.

Italy is being punished by the European Commission for supporting traditional values

The Italian government has challenged the plans of the globalist elite to turn the EU into a superstate. Salvini criticizes the EU’s migration policy and sanctions against Russia, and calls for the preservation of traditional family values. “Friends of Soros” do not like this. For them, it is necessary to overthrow the disagreeable regime in Italy. They have already managed to do this trick in neighbouring Austria.

This is the reason why Brussels is persecuting Rome for violations of budgetary discipline with the possibility of a heavy fine.

Disproof
This is an unfounded conspiracy theory. The Lisbon Treaty regulates the mechanisms of relations between EU and the Member States.
In fact, the European Commission has recommended initiating disciplinary procedures against Italy because the country has failed to comply with rules on public debt. The Commission report states:
Italy's general government gross debt reached 132.2% of GDP in 2018, well above the 60% of GDP reference value of the Treaty, and Italy did not comply with the debt reduction benchmark in 2018 based on outturn data. Moreover, Italy is not projected to comply with the debt reduction benchmark in either 2019 or 2020 based on both the government plans and the Commission 2019 spring forecast.
For more cases about conspiracy theories regarding George Soros and "globalist elites", see here and here.

The US uses the territory of Ukraine to bury its nuclear waste

The USA uses the territory of Ukraine to bury its nuclear waste. Former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed an agreement with Washington for the disposal of nuclear waste in the Sumy region.

Disproof

There is no evidence for this claim, which is part of the recurring disinformation about Ukraine, describing it as a testing ground for different things, e.g as a nuclear dump site for the West. This story is also part of the ongoing disinformation campaign against Petro Poroshenko.

The State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine responded as follows to this disinformation circulating in the Russian media: