Disinfo: Russia and Ukraine were never in a state of war


Russia is willing to discuss with Ukraine the amelioration of bilateral relations and it welcomes Kyiv's desire for peace. However, the two countries have never been in a state of war.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine.

Even though officially a state of war between Russia and Ukraine has never been announced, there is irrefutable evidence of direct Russian military involvement in eastern Ukraine. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February 2014 when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government".

Also, according to the US Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), Russian special forces and troops operated to mobilise, lead, equip, and support separatist militias in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine from spring 2014 to the present, although their presence was denied by Moscow.

Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine in 2015.

Recently, since the end of March / early April 2021, Russia started to send troops to the Ukrainian border and increased bellicose language in key Russian state media has been noted. The EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, has expressed 'severe concern' over Russian military activity near Ukraine's border.

Read more similar disinformation cases alleging that Crimea reunited with Russia after a referendum and Russia is not part of the conflict in Ukraine, that Russia is not a party of the conflict in Ukraine at all and that Russia is not a party of Minsk Agreements and the internal Ukrainian conflict.


  • Reported in: Issue 242
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 28/04/2021
  • Article language(s) Greek
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: War in Ukraine, Donbas, Eastern Ukraine
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Disinfo: The US suffers from a racial war and apartheid; kids worship saint Floyd at schools

A racial war is in full swing in the United States, a natural Apartheid is taking shape. [...]

Militant groups of African Americans have previously gathered under the banner of the Democratic Party on the eve of elections and intimidated voters. [...]

The main task of "protests" - actually pogroms - is to intimidate all opponents of the Democratic Party to a pulp. At the same time, the demonstrators are demanding from the state authorities to reduce or even simply abolish the police. Without their own security officials, the population of states that support Trump will remain completely defenseless. In 2024, you can do anything with them. They will go and vote for whomever the Democratic Party and its militants will tell them to.


The younger generation is indoctrinated into the new Apartheid from the early years in school. From the age of eight, children learn to properly worship St. Floyd and study a discipline called "systemic racism."


Disinformation about racial justice protests and Democratic Party in the US.

There is no evidence to support the article's claims that militant groups of African Americans are intimidating or physically threatening Trump supporters, let alone that they are doing it on behalf of the US Democratic Party. The claims about the racial war, Apartheid in the US or state collapse also do not reflect reality. Attempts to exagerrate, fuel and exploit racial tensions in the US date back to the USSR and are continued by contemporary pro-Kremlin media outlets.

Disinfo: The are greater guarantees of freedom of expression in Russia than in the West

The are greater guarantees of freedom of expression in Russia than in the West, including the United States.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on freedom of speech and press, which alleges that Western governments are increasingly limiting the freedom of expression and the independence of the media.

In fact, freedom of expression is under increasing pressure in Russia. Human Rights Watch's 2020 report highlighted the persecution and arrest of journalists and citizens in Russia following the tightening of restrictive measures on the freedom of expression, aiming especially to crack down on online activities on the basis of a 2019 law that increased the government’s censoring power over the media.

Disinfo: Zelensky needs to give explanations to Washington after each of his acts

The head of the Russian state is able to independently make decisions, assume certain obligations and fulfill them. As for the head of Ukraine, unfortunately, he will have to call Washington after any negotiations. Zelensky, after a meeting with Putin, if it takes place, will be obliged to coordinate his actions with Washington.


Recurrent disinformation on the US' rule over Ukraine and the US dictating the future of Ukraine.

Ukraine is a sovereign and independent state with a democratically-elected president and parliament. The decisions are taken by the Ukrainian authorities: the President, the Verkhovna Rada, and the judiciary. Ukraine is not controlled by the US or any other foreign government or organisation. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are confirmed by resolutions of the United Nations and is respected by most countries in the world, with Russia as the important exception.. Ukraine is a member of numerous international organisations. It has hundreds of diplomatic and consular representations across the world.