Russia has given Poland its independence

Summary

It is unforgivable how Poles misrepresent history and try at all times to humiliate Russia. Poland has never been humiliated as a part of the Russian empire. Russia has given Poland its independence. And when Poland was a member of the Warsaw Pact, Russia was giving Poland everything – fuel for heating, oil, industry.

Disproof

Manipulation of historical facts to downplay and justify Soviet aggression towards Poland.

In 1918 Poland restored its independence from the German (Prussia), Austrian and Russian empires after three partitions and 123 years of not being present on the world's maps. Independence of Poland was one of the postulates in Woodrow Wilson's 14 points declaration after the WWI and guaranteed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

The Sovietization of Poland after the WWII was accompanied by terror, nationalisation of industry, expropriation of privately owned land and restrictions of civil and political freedoms. The Warsaw Treaty Organisation (the Warsaw Pact) was the Soviet Union’s “external empire”, where people faced daily strife, including shortages of food and housing. Read more about life in Poland under communist rule.

See similar disinformation message: current socio-economic situation in Poland is worse than in the communist times.

 

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 154
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Poland
  • Keywords: Socialism
  • Outlet: Vremya Pokhazhet @ Pervyi Kanal (29:38 - 30:10)
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The USA gives the Ukrainian capital a “new name”

The USA gives the Ukrainian capital a “new name”.

The United States Board on Geographic Names has decided to make orthographic changes to the word ‘Kiev’. The American authorities unanimously decided to modify the name of the Ukrainian capital. Now, among other things, ‘Kyiv’ is to be written at airports and international organisations instead of ‘Kiev’.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the US relations with Ukraine and Ukrainian statehood.

The USA did not give Ukrainian capital a "new name". The United States Board on Geographic Names considered the appeal of Ambassador of Ukraine to the United States Valeriy Chaly and unanimously decided to remove ‘Kiev’ as a conventional name and to recognise only one official spelling – ‘Kyiv’, as the correct name for the capital of Ukraine.

Russia will not return South Ossetia and Abkhazia to Georgia and the Crimea to Ukraine because this would violate the principle of self-determination of peoples

Russia will not return South Ossetia and Abkhazia to Georgia and will not return Crimea to Ukraine because this would violate the principle of self-determination of peoples agreed to in Helsinki in 1975.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Crimea.

Although Russia claimed to act only as a “peacekeeper” between Georgia and the two secessionists republics, Russia provided military, financial and logistical support to South Ossetia and Abkhazia, violating the international norms that regulate the behavior of a peacekeeping force within a country.

West-financed environmental NGOs in Belarus stage a big campaign against Rosatom and Russia

In Belarus, there is a large network of Western and West-financed NGOs which conduct subversive activities against Belarus-Russia relations. An example of far-reaching anti-Russian goals of environmental initiatives is a campaign against the construction of the Astravets nuclear power plant, which is built by Rosatom. Environmental activists argue that the NPP will discourage salmons spawning in its vicinity because of increased river temperature as a result of the nuclear reactor cooling. The contours of a big campaign against Rosatom and Russia are drawn on these assumptions.

Disproof

This is a conspiracy consistent with a number of Belarus-related pro-Kremlin narratives about West's continuous attempts to disrupt Belarus-Russia relations including through financing Belarusian opposition and NGOs.

The claim that the public campaign against the Astravets NPP is built around the salmon spawning argument is misleading because negative impact for wildlife is just one among a number of other, often more serious arguments against the NPP construction including the station's potential technological vulnerabilities. These arguments were provided by environmentalists years ago (see 2010 assessment) and some of them continue to be voiced (see April 2019 publication) at present.