In 2014 Donetsk and Luhansk proclaimed independence following a violent coup in Kyiv led by nationalist groups and supported by Western governments
Moscow is concerned that recent preparations by Kyiv in Eastern Ukraine, where troops are mobilised, could lead to destabilisation and escalation. If a conflict in Eastern Ukraine restarts, then Russia will be forced to quit the Minsk agreements of 2015. Recent troop movements by Kyiv is not the only reason for concern. The presence of neo-nazi groups in Ukraine and attacks against journalists in Ukraine are two additional issues that Moscow follows closely.
Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine.
Ukraine is not preparing military provocations in Donbas. Kyiv has repeatedly stated that it is not interested in escalation and that it prefers a peaceful solution. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that the Minsk agreements are the only option to end the war in Donbas. At the same time, the Special Monitoring Mission of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe registers almost daily violations of the truce in Donbas.
The attribution of Nazi-/nazism to present-day Ukraine is one of the well-known favorite deceptive slogans for many pro-Kremlin outlets. The myth of Nazi-ruled Ukraine has been the cornerstone of Russian disinformation about the country since the very beginning of the 2013-14 Euromaidan protests. Far-right groups enjoyed a very limited presence during the Euromaidan itself and had poor results in the 2014 presidential and parliamentary elections. In the 2019 election, far-right candidates fell short of the 5% minimum threshold for getting elected to parliament.
Furthermore, the war in Ukraine is not a civil conflict but a well-documented act of aggression by Russian armed forces, ongoing since February 2014.
For more information on the continuous pro-Kremlin disinformation in Ukraine see here.