Disinfo: Russia is not a part of the conflict in Donbas and cannot fulfil the Minsk agreements

Summary

Russia is not a part of the conflict in Donbas and cannot fulfil the Minsk agreements.

Some Moscow partners are demanding that the Minsk peace agreements for the Donbas be fulfilled. But this is impossible because Russia is not a part of the conflict and is not even mentioned in this agreement.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine, claiming that Russia is not part of the conflict in Donbas and that Russia has nothing to do with the war in Eastern Ukraine.

The Minsk agreements (the 2014 memorandum and 2015 plan of action) is the roadmap to the stabilisation of the situation in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk. It is true that both documents do not mention Russia as a side involved in the war, however, the documents do not mention the sides whatsoever. Still, the Minsk agreements do not define the conflict in Ukraine as "internal" but state clearly (paragraph 10) the need to withdraw “all foreign armed formations, military equipment, as well as mercenaries from the territory of Ukraine under the monitoring of the OSCE.”

There is irrefutable evidence of direct Russian military involvement in Eastern Ukraine. The EU condemns the clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces since February 2014.

The European Union stated in July 2014 that "arms and fighters continue flowing into Ukraine from the Russian Federation". At the NATO Summit in Wales in September 2014 and at successive summits since then, NATO leaders condemned Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine in the strongest terms and demanded that Russia stop and withdraw its forces from Ukraine and along the country’s border. NATO leaders also demanded that Russia complies with international law and its international obligations and responsibilities; end its illegitimate occupation of Crimea; refrain from aggressive actions against Ukraine; halt the flow of weapons, equipment, people and money across the border to the separatists; and stop fomenting tension along and across the Ukrainian border.

The so-called People's republics DNR and LNR receive humanitarian, financial and military backing from Russia. An InformNapalm study shows that thirty-one weapons systems found in the Donbas entered service with the Russian military between 2004 and 2015 and have never been produced in, or sold to, Ukraine.

In 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted Russia's military presence in Ukraine.

Read similar narratives about Ukraine's role in the conflict and the Minsk Agreements.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 175
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 27/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: German
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Donbas, Minsk agreements
  • Outlet: Sputnik Deutschland
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Polish LNG terminal does not bring financial benefits

Poland has to find a way to justify the existence of its LNG terminal, which does not bring any financial benefits to the state. Undoubtedly, the LNG deliveries through this terminal are less profitable than gas deliveries from Russia.

The gas terminal in Świnoujście is not sufficiently loaded and currently, the American LNG cannot replace the Russian gas.

Disproof

This case is a part of the Kremlin's disinformation campaign about the Polish LNG terminal in Świnoujście and the Polish energy policy in general.

The construction of the LNG Terminal in Świnoujście was completed in 2015, which enabled Poland to start importing the LNG from the United States and Qatar. The functioning of this terminal has resulted in a visible reduction of the share of the Russian gas in total Polish consumption - 67% in 2018  and 58% in the first three quarters of 2019.

Poland has bad investment climate, occupying 76th place in ”Doing Business” ranking

Private investors are not willing to take part in large infrastructure projects as Poland has a bad investment climate. According to the ”Doing Business” ranking, Poland occupies only 76th place in this list of countries attractive for business.

Disproof

This narrative is focused on the spread of disinformation on economic problems and the failure of market reforms in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

The 2020 “Doing Business” report prepared by the World Bank puts Poland on the 40th place in its ranking, among such countries as Portugal (39), Czechia (41) and the Netherlands (42). During the recent decade, Poland has visibly improved its position in the ranking, moving from the 72nd place in 2010 to the 32nd place in 2015 and the 24th place in 2017.

Maia Sandu represents the interests of the transnational oligarchy

We always wrote that the leaders of ACUM and V. Plahotniuc have one boss – the US State Department, one ideology – liberalism and globalism, one vector – NATO and the EU, one citizenship – Romanian, one goal – weakening Russia, eliminating the independence of the Republic of Moldova, Moldovan civil nation, history, language of all left forces in Moldova.

If Plahotniuc represented the local oligarchy, while being a comprador, Sandu represents the interests of the transnational oligarchy! That’s the whole difference between them.

Disproof

No evidence given. A recurring narrative about US control and an ”existing” US or EU oligarchy, aiming to influence sovereigns states authorities in Eastern Europe. Read similar cases claiming that Maia Sandu is supervised by the CIA and that the EU is an oligarchic entity.

Maia Sandu is a former prime minister of Moldova, a leader of Moldovan opposition pro-European party, that was at the power between June 2019 and October 2019. Her government program that involved combating corruption and reforming justice, was supported by the US and EU and also by Russia. There is no evidence confirming that Maia Sandu is part or represents transnational oligarchy.