The West promised Moscow in the course of the negotiations on German unification in 1990 that NATO will not expand eastwards. In the book, the Swiss historian Daniele Ganser also discusses NATO’s eastward expansion, although the West promised Moscow in the course of the negotiations on German unification in 1990 that it would not come to that.
The European Union decided to take punitive steps against Russia as a result of the conflict in southeast Ukraine and Crimea rejoining with Russia. Russia has repeatedly stressed that it is not a part of the Ukrainian conflict and that the return of Crimea to the strength of Russia is an outcome of an acute political crisis in Ukraine that resulted from the will that was expressed by the overwhelming majority of the peninsula’s population in a popular referendum, in full accordance with international law.
Recurring pro-Kremlindisinformation narrative about the illegal annexation of Crimea. Crimea is apart of Ukraine and was illegally annexed by Russia. In 2014, Russian troops obliged the parliament of Crimea to organise a referendum, which wasillegitimate under international law, and then formally annexed the peninsula and brought it under Russian territorial control. No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced on 27 February 2014 and held on 16 March 2014. A year after the illegal “return”, Russian President Vladimir Putinadmitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum. Sanctions were first introduced in June 2014 in response to the attempts to deliberatelyundermine Ukraine’s territorial integrity and destabilise the country. Other EU measures in place in response to the crisis in Ukraine include economic sanctions targeting specific sectors of the Russian economy and individual restrictive measures. For the EU's statement on the sixth anniversary of Crimea annexation seehere. Read similar claims such as Crimea’s reunification with Russia was legal, or thathistorically Crimea was a Russian land, and that Crimea becamepart of Russia after the events of 2014 in Ukraine.