Disinfo: Russia will not return South Ossetia and Abkhazia to Georgia and the Crimea to Ukraine because this would violate the principle of self-determination of peoples


Russia will not return South Ossetia and Abkhazia to Georgia and will not return Crimea to Ukraine because this would violate the principle of self-determination of peoples agreed to in Helsinki in 1975.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Crimea.

Although Russia claimed to act only as a “peacekeeper” between Georgia and the two secessionists republics, Russia provided military, financial and logistical support to South Ossetia and Abkhazia, violating the international norms that regulate the behavior of a peacekeeping force within a country.

On the 10th anniversary of the conflict between Russia and Georgia, the EU reiterated its firm support to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders.

As for Crimea, no international body recognises the so-called referendum held on 16th of March 2014. 




  • Reported in: Issue 155
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Italian
  • Country: Russia
  • Keywords: illegal annexation, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Manipulated elections/referendum, Referendum, Crimea
  • Outlet: Sputnik Italia
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West-financed environmental NGOs in Belarus stage a big campaign against Rosatom and Russia

In Belarus, there is a large network of Western and West-financed NGOs which conduct subversive activities against Belarus-Russia relations. An example of far-reaching anti-Russian goals of environmental initiatives is a campaign against the construction of the Astravets nuclear power plant, which is built by Rosatom. Environmental activists argue that the NPP will discourage salmons spawning in its vicinity because of increased river temperature as a result of the nuclear reactor cooling. The contours of a big campaign against Rosatom and Russia are drawn on these assumptions.


This is a conspiracy consistent with a number of Belarus-related pro-Kremlin narratives about West's continuous attempts to disrupt Belarus-Russia relations including through financing Belarusian opposition and NGOs.

The claim that the public campaign against the Astravets NPP is built around the salmon spawning argument is misleading because negative impact for wildlife is just one among a number of other, often more serious arguments against the NPP construction including the station's potential technological vulnerabilities. These arguments were provided by environmentalists years ago (see 2010 assessment) and some of them continue to be voiced (see April 2019 publication) at present.

Russia signed Molotv-Ribbentrop pact because it was threatened by Germany. Today Russia is threatened by Poland.

At some point Russia was threatened by Germany and we signed secret protocols of Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, in attempt to create some security for ourselves including in the territory of Poland. And now we see that threats are emanating from the territory of Poland.

Polish people have given their country away to Germans in only two weeks. But today Poland is surely demonstrating aggression towards Russia.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the West encircling Russia and Poland's allegedly aggressive behaviour in particular. See previous case: Poland has aggressive intentions towards Russia.

The disinformation message is combined with manipulation of historic facts.

The European Parliament supports Nicolás Maduro

A socialist European Parliament expressed its support for Maduro – a dictator who brought disaster and misery to his own population.


This claim is false. In fact, the European Parliament recognised Juan Guaidó as the legitimate interim President of Venezuela on 31 January 2019, in accordance with the Venezuelan Constitution.

This is an example of narrative shifting. Earlier, the pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign accused the West of supporting the coup and "bloody civil war" in Venezuela. Cases about the West supporting destabilisation in Venezuela can be found here and here.