Disinfo: Russian defence expenditure is only $44 Billion

Summary

The military expenditures of Russia, which NATO was set up to fight, amount to about $44 billion, while the expenses of its European counterpart of the alliance is more than $280 billion, and the US defence budget is estimated at $700 billion. Paradoxically enough to refute the allegations of a Russian military threat.

Disproof

According to the Stockholm International Peace and Research Institute, the Russian military spending has fallen to the sixth highest in the world in 2018, at $61.4 billion, not $ 44B.

In reality, Russia’s effective military expenditure, based on purchasing power parity (Moscow buys from Russian defence manufacturers in rubles), is more in the range of $150-180 billion per year, with a much higher percentage dedicated to procurement, research and development than Western defence budgets.

The problem is that both military and defence expenditure could be financed from some other portions of the budget. For instance, unlike Western countries, Russia spends its defence budget for nothing more but what is referred to as on-going expenses, a group that encompasses staff wages, property maintenance, and military drills.  Funds for purchasing, repairing and upgrading the army’s military hardware, weapons and other materials come from other parts of the federal budget, which is to a large extent how Russia’s State Armaments Program is financed.

Vast amounts of Russian rubles are spent on secret budget items. U.S. public spending that is classified as secret, or what is called black budget, does not surpass 6 per cent of all expenditures. The amount of hidden, unspecified outlays in the Russian federal budget stands at roughly 60 per cent, a tendency that reveals the army’s financing is far beyond anyone’s control. What Russia actually spends on the military is much higher than it officially declares.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 176
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/12/2019
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Russia, US
  • Keywords: Russia's Ministry of Defence, security threat, Military, NATO
  • Outlet: RT TV Arabic
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Kyiv planned to grant Crimea to the US as a colony

Kyiv planned to grant Crimea to the US as a colony. The US-Ukraine Charter on Strategic Partnership considered deployment of the US colonial administration in Simferopol in the name of “honourable diplomatic representation”.

Disproof

The statement is untrue, there is no evidence to support it. Also consistent with the recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that Ukraine is under the external control of the US.

The US-Ukraine Charter on Strategic Partnership adopted in 2008, considered opening the American diplomatic presence (American Presence Post) in Simferopol. The partnership text also mentioned Crimea as one of the regions of Ukraine and recognized the territorial integrity of Ukraine. American Presence Post is not an imperialist, colonial administration, as presented in the claim, but is a small diplomatic facility also operating in the cities of France, UK and other countries.

UN Commissioner Michelle Bachelet is trying to downplay police repression in Chile

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and former Chilean president Michelle Bachelet is downplaying the  police repression in Chile, because there is a preferential treatment for certain governments who are allied to hegemonic powers.

Disproof

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights showed concern regarding the situation in Chile since the beginning of the protests, and on October 24 she announced that having monitored it, she had decided to send a verification mission.

See similar cases alleging  a supposed UN bias against Venezuelan government, and accusing the UNHCR of disinformation campaigns in Syria or the Czech Republic.

Germany created the euro to colonise countries that couldn’t be conquered militarily

Disproof

Conspiracy theory; no evidence given. This is an example of recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the euro, attempting to exacerbate divisions within Europe by portraying the eurozone as an imperialistic project of the EU against Member States in order to control them and limit their sovereignty.

The euro was created because a single currency offers many advantages and benefits over the previous situation where each EU Member State had its own currency. Not only are fluctuation risks and exchange costs eliminated and the single market strengthened, but the euro also means closer co-operation among Member States for a stable currency and economy to the benefit of all European citizens. Moreover, public support for the euro is at an all-time high since polling began in 2002: over three quarters of Europeans think the euro is good for the EU. A record number of Europeans (65%) also think the euro is good for their country. For more information about the history and role of euro, see here.